II. Definition

IV. Management

  1. General Measures
    1. Manage Airway
    2. Supplemental Oxygen
    3. Intravenous Fluids
    4. Cooling blanket
    5. Avoid Salicylates due to their increase on T4 and T3
  2. T4 and T3 Synthesis suppression
    1. Methimazole (PTU) 20-40 mg every 8 hours IV, PO, PR, per NG
    2. Propylthiouracil (PTU) 200-400 mg every 8 hours PO, PR, per NG
  3. T4 and T3 Release suppression
    1. Saturated Solution Potassium iodide (SSKI)
      1. Dose: 5 drops every 6 hours for at least 2 days
      2. Initiate at least one hour after antithyroid medication
  4. T4 to T3 conversion suppression
    1. Hydrocortisone 100 mg IV every 8 hours (also counters autoimmune process in Graves)
  5. Heart Rate control (Beta Blockers are preferred)
    1. Propranolol 10-20 mg IV every 4 hours (or 60 to 80 mg every 4 hours)
    2. Metoprolol 5-10 mg IV every 2-4 hours (or Metoprolol Tartrate 50 mg every 6 hours)
    3. Esmolol 50-100 mcg/kg/min IV
    4. Diltiazem (if Beta Blockers are contraindicated)
      1. Diltiazem 0.25 mg/kg IV bolus over 2 min, then 10 mg/h IV (or 60-90 mg orally every 6-8 hours)

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Ontology: Thyroid Crisis (C0040127)

Definition (NCI) Acute onset of severe, life-threatening hyperthyroidism caused by a sudden release of excessive thyroid hormone.(NICHD)
Definition (MSH) A dangerous life-threatening hypermetabolic condition characterized by high FEVER and dysfunction of the cardiovascular, the nervous, and the gastrointestinal systems.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D013958
ICD10 E05.5
SnomedCT 190262002, 29028009
English Crisis, Thyrotoxic, Storm, Thyrotoxic, Thyroid Crisis, Thyroid Storm, Thyrotoxic Crisis, Thyrotoxic Storm, Crisis, Thyroid, Storm, Thyroid, THYROID STORM, THYROTOXIC STORM, Thyroid crisis or storm, THYROTOX STORM, THYROTOX CRISIS, CRISIS THYROTOX, thyrotoxic crisis (diagnosis), thyrotoxic crisis, thyroid crisis (storm), thyrotoxic storm, Crisis thyroid, Thyroid Crisis [Disease/Finding], thyroid storm, storm thyroid, crisis thyroid, thyrotoxic crises, thyroid crisis, thyroid storms, Thyroid crisis (disorder), Thyroid storm, Thyrotoxic crisis, Thyroid crisis, Thyrotoxic crisis (disorder), crisis; thyroid, crisis; thyrotoxic, storm; thyrotoxic, thyroid; crisis, thyrotoxic; crisis, thyrotoxic; storm
French HYPERTHYROIDIE, Crise thyroïdienne aiguë, Basedowisme aigu, Crise thyréotoxique, Crise thyrotoxique
Spanish CRISIS TIROIDEA, Tormenta tiroidea, Crisis tiroidea, Tormenta Tiroidea, Tormenta Tirotóxica, Tempestad Tiroidea, Tempestad Tirotóxica, crisis tiroidea, crisis tirotóxica (trastorno), crisis tirotóxica, tormenta tiroidea, Crisis tirotóxica, Crisis Tiroidea, Crisis Tirotóxica
Italian Crisi tireotossica, Crisi tirotossica, Tempesta tireotossica, Tempesta tiroidea, Crisi tiroidea
Dutch schildkliercrisis, crisis schildklier, thyreoïdstorm, crisis; schildklier, crisis; thyrotoxisch, schildklier; crisis, storm; thyrotoxisch, thyrotoxisch; crisis, thyrotoxisch; storm, Thyrotoxische crisis of storm, thyreotoxische crisis, Crisis, thyrotoxische, Thyreotoxicose, Thyreotoxische crisis, Thyreotoxische storm, Thyrotoxicose, Thyrotoxische crisis, Thyrotoxische storm
German thyreotoxischen Krise, Krise thyreotoxisch, SCHILDDRUESENHORMNE MASSIV ERHOEH, thyreotoxische Krise, Hyperthyreote Krise, Thyreoidale Krise, Thyreotoxische Krise
Portuguese Crise tiroideia, Tempestade tiroideia, TEMPESTADE TIROIDEIA, Crise tirotóxica, Crise Tireóidea, Crise Tireotóxica, Tempestade Tireóidea, Tempestade Tireotóxica
Swedish Tyreotoxisk kris
Japanese コウジョウセンクリーゼ, コウジョウセンチュウドククリーゼ, 甲状腺ストーム, コウジョウセンストーム, クリーゼ-甲状腺, 甲状腺急性発症, 甲状腺クリーゼ, 甲状腺中毒クリーゼ, 甲状腺中毒急性発作, 甲状腺中毒発症, 甲状腺急性発作, 甲状腺発症
Czech tyreotoxická krize, Tyreoidní bouře, Tyreotoxická krize, Tyreoidní krize, tyreotoxické kóma
Finnish Hypertyreoottinen kriisi
Russian TIREOTOKSICHESKII SHKVAL, TIREOTOKSICHESKII KRIZ, TIREOIDNYI SHTORM, ТИРЕОИДНЫЙ ШТОРМ, ТИРЕОТОКСИЧЕСКИЙ КРИЗ, ТИРЕОТОКСИЧЕСКИЙ ШКВАЛ
Korean 갑상샘 중독발증 또는 급성발작
Polish Przełom tarczycowy
Hungarian Pajzsmirigy crisis, Hyperthyreosisos crisis, Hyperthyreotikus crisis
Norwegian Tyreotoksisk krise