II. Causes: Sodium retaining agents

  1. Oral Contraceptives (occurs in 5% of users)
  2. Estrogen Replacement Therapy
  3. Licorice
  4. High Sodium Antacids
  5. Mineralocorticoids
  6. Glucocorticoids or Corticosteroids
  7. Anabolic Steroids

III. Causes: Miscellaneous agents

  1. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
  2. Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors (COX-2 Inhibitors such as Celebrex)
  3. Cyclosporine (significantly raises Blood Pressure)
  4. Levothyroxine (excessive dosing)
  5. Erythropoietin
  6. Growth Hormone
  7. Neurologic and psychiatric agents
    1. Venlafaxine (Effexor)
    2. Fluoxetine (Prozac)
    3. Bupropion (Wellbutrin)
    4. Tricyclic Antidepressants
    5. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAO inhibitors)
    6. Lithium
    7. Clozapine (Clozaril)
    8. Carbamazepine (Tegretol)

IV. Causes: Stimulants (Sympathomimetics)

  1. Ergonomic aids (e.g. Anabolic Steroids)
  2. Cocaine
  3. Amphetamines
  4. Caffeine
  5. Dietary supplements (e.g. Ephedra)
  6. Appetite Suppressants (e.g. Sibutramine)
  7. Decongestants (e.g. Pseudoephedrine, Afrin)

V. Causes: Herbals

  1. Aniseed
  2. St. Johns Wort
  3. Capsicum
  4. Cola alkaloids
  5. Blue Cohosh
  6. Vervain
  7. Agnus cactus
  8. Calamus amines
  9. Broom alkaloids
  10. Bayberry
  11. Licorice
  12. Gensung
  13. Ginseng
  14. Guarana
  15. Ma Huang (Ephedra)
  16. Pau de Arco
  17. Coltsfoot
  18. Gentian
  19. Ginger

VI. Causes: Medication Related Syndromes

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies (from Trip Database) Open in New Window

Ontology: Hypertension secondary to drug (C0581373)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
SnomedCT 194791005
English hypertension secondary to drug, secondary hypertension to drug, hypertension secondary to drug (diagnosis), Hypertension secondary to drug, Hypertension secondary to drug (disorder)
Spanish hipertensiĆ³n arterial medicamentosa (trastorno), hipertensiĆ³n arterial medicamentosa