II. Causes: Hypothermia (Mnemonic=COOLS)

  1. Carbon Monoxide
  2. Opiates
  3. Oral Hypoglycemics or Insulin
  4. Liquor (Alcohol)
  5. Sedative Hypnotics

III. Causes: Hyperthermia (Mnemonic=NASA)

IV. Causes: Bradycardia (Mnemonic=PACED)

V. Causes: Tachycardia (Mnemonic=FAST)

VI. Causes: Hypotension (Mnemonic=CRASH)

  1. Clonidine, Calcium Channel Blockers
  2. Reserpine (Antihypertensive agents)
  3. Antidepressants, Aminophylline
  4. Sedative Hypnotics (e.g. Benzodiazepines)
  5. Heroin (and Opiates)

VII. Causes: Hypertension (Mnemonic=CTSCAN)

VIII. Causes: Hypoventilation (Mnemonic=SLOW)

  1. Sedative hypnotics
  2. Liquor (Alcohol)
  3. Opiates
  4. Weed (Marijuana)

IX. Causes: Hyperventilation (Mnemonic=PANT)

  1. Phencyclidine (PCP) or Pneumonitis (Chemical)
  2. Aspirin (Salicylates)
  3. Non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema
  4. Toxic Metabolic Acidosis

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