II. Exam: Highest yield tests

  1. Cranial Nerve tests
    1. Visual field testing with double stimulation upper fields and lower fields
    2. Extraocular Movements
  2. Motor Strength
    1. Upper extremity
      1. Grip strength
      2. Proximal strength
    2. Lower extremity
      1. Heel and toe walking
      2. Stand from chair without pushing off
  3. Balance and coordination
    1. Rhomberg
    2. Tandem walking

III. Exam: General

  1. Appearance: Well groomed or unkempt
  2. Eye contact: Good, fleeting, sporadic or avoidant
  3. Behavior: Cooperative, candid, withdrawn, guarded, hostile or irritable

IV. Exam: Eye

V. Exam: Face

  1. See Cranial Nerve Exam
  2. Palpebral fissures equal
  3. Facial symmetry
  4. Tongue midline with no fasciculations
  5. Jaw symmetric

VI. Exam: Oropharanx

  1. Gag Reflex
  2. Swallow reflex
  3. Regurgitation (nasal or liquid)

VII. Exam: Larynx and Language

  1. Voice quality
  2. Speech Exam
    1. Dysarthria (explosive or nasal)
    2. Aphasia (Inability to communicate via speech, writing, reading)

VIII. Exam: Sensory

  1. Two Point Discrimination
  2. Sharp and dull discrimination
  3. Proprioception (finger up or down?)
  4. Stereography

IX. Exam: Motor Exam

  1. Motor Strength
  2. Tone (flaccid, rigid, or cogwheel)
  3. Atrophy
  4. Fasciculations
  5. Muscle tenderness
  6. Tremor

X. Exam: Reflexes

  1. Deep Tendon Reflexes
  2. Primitive Reflexes
    1. Babinski Reflex
    2. Grasp Reflex
    3. Suck Reflex
    4. Glabellar Reflex
    5. Hoffman Reflex

XI. Exam: Cerebellar

  1. Finger-Nose-Finger
    1. Dysmetria
    2. Overshooting target
    3. Intention Tremor
  2. Alternating hand movements
  3. Heel-knee-shin
  4. Romberg Test
  5. Gait
    1. Walking on base of foot
    2. Tandem walking
    3. Overall coordination
  6. Vestibular Exam

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