II. Indications

III. Precautions: Adjust protocol for renal disease

  1. Oliguria: Urine Output < 30 ml/hour
  2. Renal Failure: Serum Creatinine > 3.0 mg/dl

IV. Management: Oral Potassium Replacement

  1. Dietary Sources: Fruits and Vegetables
    1. See Foods with High Potassium Content
    2. May supply 40-60 meq/day
  2. Oral KCl powder 20 meq in water or juice
    1. Serum Potassium < 3.0
      1. Give KCl 20 meq PO every 2 hours for 4 doses
    2. Serum Potassium: 3.0 to 3.5
      1. Give KCl 20 meq PO every 2 hours for 2 doses

V. Management: IV Potassium Replacement

  1. IV Preparations
    1. Potassium Chloride (KCl) 10 meq IV "bump"
  2. IV Replacement Algorithm
    1. Use 10 meq KCl IV in 50ml D5W over 30 minutes minimum
      1. In select situations, may give up to 40 meq in 1 hr
      2. Example indication for faster delivery: DKA
      3. Cardiac monitoring and recheck Serum Potassium
    2. Serum Potassium < 3.0
      1. Give KCl 10 meq IV slowly every hour for 5 doses
    3. Serum Potassium: 3.0 to 3.5
      1. Give KCl 10 meq IV slowly every hour for 3 doses

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Ontology: Potassium supplementation (C0561938)

Concepts Pharmacologic Substance (T121)
SnomedCT 284093001
Dutch kaliumsupplement
French Apport complémentaire de potassium
German Kaliumpraeparat
Italian Integrazione di potassio
Portuguese Administração de suplemento de potássio
Spanish Aportación suplementaria de potasio, suplemento de potasio, suplementación con potasio, suplemento con potasio (producto), suplemento con potasio, suplemento de potasio (producto)
Japanese カリウム補給, カリウムホキュウ
Czech Suplemetace draslíku
Hungarian Kálium kiegészítés
English Potassium supplementation, Potassium supplementation (product), Potassium supplementation (substance)

Ontology: Potassium replacement (C0920228)

Concepts Therapeutic or Preventive Procedure (T061)
Dutch kaliumvervanging
French Potassium supplétif
German Kaliumsubstitution
Italian Reintegrazione di potassio
Portuguese Substituição de potássio
Spanish Suplemento de potasio
Japanese カリウム補充, カリウムホジュウ
Czech Substituce draslíku
English potassium replacement, Potassium replacement
Hungarian Káliumpótlás