II. Causes: Hormonal Medications

  1. Antiandrogen Medications (e.g. Spironolactone, Ketoconazole, Finasteride)
  2. Danazol
  3. Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone Agonists
  4. Hormonal contraceptives
  5. Tamoxifen

III. Causes: Cardiovascular Medications

  1. Centrally acting sympatholytics (e.g. Clonidine)
  2. Peripherally acting sympatholytics (e.g. Guanadrel)
  3. Beta Blockers
  4. Spironolactone
  5. Methyldopa
  6. Digoxin

V. Causes: Drug Abuse

VI. Causes: Miscellaneous

  1. Anticholinergic Medications (including Antihistamines)
  2. H2 Receptor Blockers
  3. Phenytoin (Dilantin)

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