II. Calculation (Accurate if Triglycerides < 400 mg/dl)

  1. LDL = Total Cholesterol - HDL - (Triglyceride / 5) or
  2. LDL = Total Cholesterol - HDL - VLDL

III. Normal

  1. Range: under 160 mg/dl
  2. Normal range dependent on Cardiac Risk Factors

IV. Increased

  1. Primary hyperlipoproteinemia
  2. High fat diet
  3. Acute Myocardial Infarction
  4. Obstructive Liver Disease (Primary biliary Cirrhosis)
  5. Hypothyroidism
  6. Nephrotic Syndrome
  7. Diabetes Mellitus
  8. Anabolic Steroid use
  9. Medications
    1. Progestins
    2. Thiazide Diuretics

V. Decreased

  1. Abetalipoproteinemia
  2. Advanced liver disease
  3. Malnutrition

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies (from Trip Database) Open in New Window