II. Causes: Vascular

III. Causes: Infectious

IV. Causes: Dermatitis

  1. Contact Dermatitis or other allergic condition
  2. Bullous Disease

V. Causes: Miscellaneous

  1. Primary or metastatic neoplasm
  2. Trauma
  3. Drug-induced
    1. Warfarin
    2. Ergotism
    3. Injection ulcer

VI. Causes: Peripheral Neuropathy or Postitioning

VII. Causes: Systemic Disease

VIII. References

  1. Bello (2000) JAMA 283(6): 716-8 [PubMed]
  2. Degreef (1998) Dermatol Clin 16(2): 365-75 [PubMed]
  3. Findlay (1996) Am Fam Physician 54(5): 1519-28 [PubMed]
  4. Habif (1996) Clinical Derm, Mosby, p. 810-13
  5. Knapp (1999) Pediatr Clin North Am 46(6):1201-13 [PubMed]
  6. Krasner (1995) Prevention Management Pressure Ulcers
  7. Lewis (1996) Med-Surg Nursing, Mosby, p. 199-200
  8. Lueckenotte (1996) Gerontologic Nurs., Mosby, p. 800-7
  9. PUGP (1995) Am Fam Physician 51(5):1207-22 [PubMed]
  10. PUGP (1994) Pressure Ulcer Treatment, AHCPR 95-0653
  11. Way (1991) Current Surgical, Lange, p.95-108

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