II. Risk Factors: Impaired Driving

III. Causes: Cellular Phone Use While Driving

  1. Relative Risk of motor vehicle accident: 4.0 (n=699)
  2. References
    1. Redelmeier (1997) N Engl J Med 336:453-8 [PubMed]
      1. Case crossover study with possible biases in study

IV. Causes: Medications causing Impaired Driving (Drugged Driving)

  1. See Medication Use in the Elderly (e.g. Beers List)
  2. Substance Abuse or Chemical Intoxication (e.g. Alcohol, Marijuana, Methamphetamine, Cocaine)
  3. Highest risk prescription medications
    1. Barbiturates
    2. Benzodiazepines
    3. Muscle relaxants
    4. Opioids
    5. Benzodiazepines
    6. Sedative-Hypnotics (e.g. Ambien)
  4. Other sedating medications
    1. Anticonvulsants
    2. Antipsychotics
    3. Antiparkinsonism medications

V. Causes: Medical Conditions causing Impaired Driving

  1. Exercise particular caution in older patients
    1. See Medication Use in the Elderly (e.g. Beers List)
  2. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  3. Diabetes Mellitus and Hypoglycemia
  4. Insomnia
  5. Seizure Disorder
    1. Most U.S. states require no driving for 3-12 months since last Seizure
    2. http://www.epilepsy.com/driving-laws

VI. References

  1. (2017) Presc Lett 25(1): 4

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies (from Trip Database) Open in New Window

Ontology: automobile safety (C0870180)

Concepts Idea or Concept (T078)
English automobile safety, Automobile safety, Car Safety, Car safety, Automobile Safety