II. Manifestations

  1. Hypogonadism or Impotence
    1. Most common endocrine disease in HIV patients
    2. Characterized by low Serum Testosterone
  2. Adrenal Insufficiency
  3. Insulin Resistance (and dyslipidemia)
    1. See Cardiovascular Manifestations of HIV
    2. Obtain lipid profile and Glucose at HIV diagnosis and then at intervals after
  4. Hypothyroidism
    1. More common with highly active Antiretrovirals
    2. Also associated with low CD4 Counts
    3. Beltran (2003) Clin Infect Dis 37:579-83 [PubMed]

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