II. Causes: Most common

  1. Adults
    1. Alcohol Abuse (35% of cases)
    2. Cholelithiasis (40% of cases)
  2. Children
    1. Infection (e.g. Mumps, Viral Hepatitis, Coxsackievirus, Ascariasis, Mycoplasma)
    2. Abdominal Trauma (e.g. handlebar injury)

III. Causes: Gastrointestinal

  1. Abdominal Trauma or surgery
  2. Following Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
  3. Peptic Ulcer perforation
  4. Hereditary Pancreatitis
  5. Pancreas divisum
  6. Ampulla of Vater Obstructed (e.g. Regional Enteritis)
  7. Sphincter of odi dysfunction
  8. Abdominal Trauma (1.5% of cases)

V. Causes: Infection

VI. Causes: Medications and toxins

  1. See Medication Causes of Pancreatitis
  2. Accounts for 2% of cases
  3. Toxins include Snake Bites and Scorpion bites

VII. Causes: Vasculitis

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