II. Definitions

  1. Tinea
    1. Fungal infection
  2. Dermatophytes
    1. Fungal organisms that cause Tinea
    2. Includes three genera: Trichophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophyton

III. Conditions: Tinea

  1. Children
    1. Tinea Capitis (scalp infection)
    2. Tinea Corporis (Ringworm)
    3. Tinea Faciale (facial infection)
  2. Adolescents and adults
    1. Tinea Manum (Hand Infection)
    2. Tinea Pedis (Athlete's Foot)
    3. Tinea Unguium (Onychomycosis, Toenail fungus)
    4. Pityriasis Versicolor or as previoulsy known, Tinea Versicolor (uneven tanning on the trunk )
  3. Adolescent and adult males
    1. Tinea Barbae (beard-area Superficial Folliculitis)
    2. Tinea Cruris (Jock Itch)
    3. Tinea Corporis Gladiatorum

IV. Conditions: Other Cutaneous Fungal Infections

V. Management: Pearls

  1. Limit Nystatin use to Cutaneous Candidiasis (not effective against Tinea Infections)
  2. Butenafine (Lotrimin) and Terbinafine (Lamasil) are preferred topical agents for tinea
  3. Avoid oral Ketoconazole due to hepatotoxicity
  4. Avoid combination agents containing Antifungals with high-potency Corticosteroids
    1. Dilutes the Antifungal concentration and may exacerbate the fungal infection

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies (from Trip Database) Open in New Window

Ontology: Dermatomycoses (C0011630)

Definition (CSP) superficial infections of the skin or its appendages by any of various fungi.
Definition (MSH) Superficial infections of the skin or its appendages by any of various fungi.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D003881
ICD9 111.9, 111
SnomedCT 186984003, 187004009, 14560005, 47382004
English Dermatomycoses, Dermatomycosis, Fungal Skin Disease, Fungal Skin Diseases, Skin Disease, Fungal, Skin Diseases, Fungal, DERMATITIS FUNGAL, Dermatomycosis, other and unspecified, Dermatomycosis, unspecified, Fungal infection of skin, FUNGAL SKIN DIS, SKIN DIS FUNGAL, epidermomycosis, fungal skin disorders, fungal skin disorders (diagnosis), dermatomycosis (diagnosis), dermatomycosis, Dermatitis fungal, Dermatitis fungal NOS, Fungal dermatitis NOS, Dermatitis fungoid, Skin fungal infection NOS, Dermatomycosis NOS, Dermatomycoses [Disease/Finding], fungal infections skin, fungus infections skin, Dermatitis;fungal, diseases fungal skin, skin fungal infection, Infection;fungus;skin, dermatomycoses, fungal skin disease, skin fungal disease, skin fungus infection, cutaneous mycosis, fungal infection of skin, fungal infection skin, fungus infection skin, Cutaneous fungal disease, Dermatomycosis NOS (disorder), Fungal skin infection, Cutaneous mycosis, Fungal dermatosis, Fungal dermatitis, Dermal mycosis (disorder), Dermal mycosis, cutaneous; mycosis, dermatitis; fungus, eczema; fungus, fungus; dermatitis, fungus; eczema, fungus; infection, skin, infection; fungus, skin, infection; mycotic, skin, infection; skin, due to fungus, infection; skin, mycotic, mycosis; cutaneous, mycosis; skin, mycotic; infection, skin, skin; infection, due to fungus, skin; infection, mycotic, skin; mycosis, Cutaneous mycosis, NOS, Dermal mycosis, NOS, Fungal dermatitis, NOS, fungal skin infection, fungal dermatitis, skin mycoses, Mycosis;skin
Portuguese DERMATOMICOSE, Dermatomicose, outra e NE, Doença micótica cutânea, Dermatite micótica NE, Infecção micótica da pele NE, Dermatite micótica, Dermatite fungóide, Dermatomicose NE, Infecção cutânea fúngica, Dermatomicoses, Dermatopatias Fúngicas
Italian Micosi cutanea, Dermatite micotica, Altre e non specificate dermatomicosi, Infezione micotica della cute NAS, Dermatite fungoide, Dermatite micotica NAS, Dermatomicosi non specificate, Micosi cutanee, Dermatomicosi
Dutch schimmeldermatitis, schimmeldermatitis NAO, dermatomycose, andere en niet-gespecificeerd, huidschimmelinfectie NAO, cutane schimmelziekte, dermatomycose, niet-gespecificeerd, dermatitis door schimmels NAO, cutaan; mycose, dermatitis; fungus, eczeem; fungus, fungus; dermatitis, fungus; eczeem, fungus; infectie, huid, huid; infectie, door fungus, huid; infectie, mycotisch, huid; mycose, infectie; fungus, huid, infectie; huid, door fungus, infectie; huid, mycotisch, infectie; mycotisch, huid, mycose; cutaan, mycose; huid, mycotisch; infectie, huid, huidinfectie door schimmels, Dermatomycose, Huidziekte, schimmel-, Mycose, dermato-
French Mycose cutanée SAI, Dermatite fongoïde, Dermite fongique SAI, Dermatite fongique, Dermatomycose, autre et non précisée, Dermatomycose, non précisée, Affection fongique cutanée, Dermite fongique, DERMATOMYCOSE, Infection cutanée fongique, Dermatomycoses, Infections fongiques cutanées, Infections fongiques de la peau, Mycoses cutanées
German von Pilzen verursachte Dermatitis, von Pilzen verursachte Dermatitis NNB, durch Pilze verursachte Dermatitis, Dermatomykose, unspezifisch, durch Pilze verursachte Dermatitis NNB, von Pilzen verursachte Hauterkrankung, Dermatitis fungoides, Dermatomykose, sonstige und unspezifische, Pilzinfektion der Haut NNB, HAUTPILZ, durch Pilze verursachte Hautinfektion, Dermatomykosen, Krankheiten, Hautpilz-
Spanish Dermatitis por hongos NEOM, Infección cutánea por hongos NEOM, Dermatitis fungoide, Otras dermatomicosis y las no especificadas, Dermatomicosis no especificada, Dermatitis micótica NEOM, Infección micótica cutánea, Dermatitis fúngica, DERMATITIS FUNGICA, dermatomicosis, SAI, dermatomicosis, SAI (trastorno), dermatitis fúngica, micosis cutánea, micosis dérmica (trastorno), micosis dérmica, Infección cutánea por hongos, dermatomicosis, Dermatomicosis, Dermatopatías por Hongos
Japanese 真菌性皮膚炎, 真菌性皮膚炎NOS, 皮膚真菌感染, 真菌感染様皮膚炎, 詳細不明の皮膚真菌症, 皮膚真菌感染NOS, シンキンカンセンヨウヒフエン, ショウサイフメイノヒフシンキンショウ, ヒフシンキンカンセン, シンキンセイヒフエン, ヒフシンキンカンセンNOS, シンキンセイヒフエンNOS, ヒフシンキンショウ, 皮膚病-真菌性, 真菌性皮膚病, 皮膚真菌症, 皮膚糸状菌症, 真菌性皮膚疾患, 皮膚疾患-真菌性
Swedish Svampsjukdomar i hud
Czech dermatomykózy, Fungoidní dermatitida, Mykotická infekce kůže, Mykotická dermatitida NOS, Mykotická infekce kůže NOS, Mykotická dermatitida, Blíže neurčená dermatomykóza, Jiná a blíže neurčená dermatomykóza, Mykotické kožní onemocnění, plísňová onemocnění kůže
Finnish Dermatomykoosit
Russian GRIBKOVYE BOLEZNI KOZHI, KOZHI BOLEZNI GRIBKOVYE, DERMATOMIKOZY, ГРИБКОВЫЕ БОЛЕЗНИ КОЖИ, ДЕРМАТОМИКОЗЫ, КОЖИ БОЛЕЗНИ ГРИБКОВЫЕ
Croatian DERMATOMIKOZE
Polish Grzybice skóry, Grzybica skóry, Dermatofitoza, Dermatomikozy
Hungarian Gombás dermatitis, Cutan gombás betegség, fungoid dermatitis, Dermatomycosis, nem meghatározott, Dermatitis, gombás, Bőr gombás fertőzés k.m.n., gombás bőrfertőzés, Dermatitis, gombás k.m.n., Dermatomycosis, egyéb és nem meghatározott, Gombás dermatitis k.m.n.
Norwegian Hudsoppsykdommer, Dermatomykoser, Soppinfeksjoner i huden

Ontology: Dermatophytosis (C0011636)

Definition (NCI) A common fungal infection of the stratum corneum of the skin, hair, or nails by a dermatophyte. It is characterized by itching, inflammation, redness of the skin, small papular vesicles, central clearing, fissures, scaling, and/or hair loss in the affected area.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
ICD9 110.9, 110
ICD10 B35 , B35.9
SnomedCT 186998006, 187474000, 186984003, 154394006, 266214005, 47382004
English Dermatophytosis of unspecified site, Dermatophytosis NOS, Dermatophytosis, unspecified, Dermatophytosis,unspecified, [X]Dermatophytosis, unspecified, [X]Dermatophytosis,unspecified, dermatophytosis (diagnosis), dermatophytosis, Dermatophytosis site NOS, dermatophytoses, Dermatophytosis, Dermatophytosis NOS (disorder), [X]Dermatophytosis, unspecified (disorder), Dermatophytosis including tinea or ringworm, Dermatophycosis, Ringworm infection, Dermatophytosis (disorder)
Italian Dermatofitosi, Dermatofitosi NAS, Dermatofitosi di sede non specificata
Dutch dermatofytose op niet-gespecificeerde plaats, dermatofytose NAO, Dermatomycose, Dermatofytose, niet gespecificeerd, dermatofytose, Dermatofytose
French Dermatophytose SAI, Dermatophytose d'un site non précisé, Dermatophytose
German Dermatophytose NNB, Dermatophytose an unspezifischer Stelle, Dermatophytose [Tinea], Dermatophytose, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Dermatophytose
Portuguese Dermatofitose de parte NE, Dermatofitose NE, Dermatofitose
Spanish Dermatomiositis NEOM, Dermatofitosis de localización no especificada, [X]dermatofitosis, no especificada (trastorno), [X]dermatofitosis, no especificada, dermatofitosis, SAI, dermatofitosis, SAI (trastorno), dermatofitosis (trastorno), dermatofitosis, Dermatofitosis
Japanese 皮膚糸状菌症, 皮膚糸状菌症NOS, 皮膚糸状菌症、部位不明, ヒフシジョウキンショウブイフメイ, ヒフシジョウキンショウNOS, ヒフシジョウキンショウ
Czech Dermatofytóza, Dermatofytóza blíže neurčeného místa, Dermatofytóza NOS
Korean 상세불명의 백선증, 백선증
Hungarian dermatophytosis, dermatophytosis k.m.n., Nem meghatározott elhelyezkedésű dermatophytosis

Ontology: Tinea (C0040247)

Definition (MSH) Fungal infection of keratinized tissues such as hair, skin and nails. The main causative fungi include MICROSPORUM; TRICHOPHYTON; and EPIDERMOPHYTON.
Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Tinea is the name of a group of diseases caused by a fungus. Types of tinea include ringworm, athlete's foot and jock itch. These infections are usually not serious, but they can be uncomfortable. You can get them by touching an infected person, from damp surfaces such as shower floors, or even from a pet.

Symptoms depend on the affected area of the body:

  • Ringworm is a red skin rash that forms a ring around normal-looking skin. A worm doesn't cause it.
  • Scalp ringworm causes itchy, red patches on your head. It can leave bald spots. It usually affects children.
  • Athlete's foot causes itching, burning and cracked skin between your toes.
  • Jock itch causes an itchy, burning rash in your groin area.

Over-the-counter creams and powders will get rid of many tinea infections, particularly athlete's foot and jock itch. Other cases require prescription medicine.

Definition (NCI) A skin infection caused by a fungus.
Definition (CSP) general term describing various dermatophytoses; specific types include tinea capitis (ringworm of the scalp), tinea favosa (of scalp and skin), tinea pedis (athlete's foot), and tinea unguium (ringworm of the nails).
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D014005
ICD10 B35.9
SnomedCT 47382004, 154394006, 266214005, 186984003
English Ringworm, Tinea, Tineas, TINEA, Tinea infection NOS, Tinea infections, Ringworm NOS, Tinea NOS, Microsporic tinea, NOS, Tinea, NOS, Ringworm, NOS, Tinea [Disease/Finding], infection tinea, ringworm, ringworms, tineas, tinea infection, tinea infections, Dermatophytosis, Dermatophytoses, Tinea Infections, Dermatophytosis-tinea/ringworm, Tinea Infection, Tinea infection, Microsporic tinea, tinea, tinea; microsporic, Microsporic tinea NOS
Portuguese TINHA, Tinha NE, Infecção de tinha NE, Dermatofitoses, Infecção por tinha, Infecções por tinha, Tinha
Spanish TINA, Tiña NEOM, Infección por tiña NEOM, sérpigo, Dermatofitosis, tiña microspórica, tiña, Tiñas, Tiña
German TINEA, Tinea NNB, Ringwurm NNB, Tinea-Infektion NNB, Tinea-Infektionen, Tinea-Infektion, Tinea, Trichophytie
Italian Forme varie di tigna, Infezione da tigna, Infezione da tigna NAS, Tigna NAS, Tricofizia, Tigna
Dutch spoelworm NAO, tinea, tinea-infectie NAO, tinea NAO, tinea; door Microsporum, tinea-infecties, tinea-infectie, Ringworm, Tinea
French Teigne SAI, Infection aux teignes SAI, Teignes, TINEA, Dermatophytoses, Teigne à champignons, Teigne, Tinea
Japanese 白癬NOS, 白癬感染NOS, 白癬感染, ハクセンカンセン, ハクセンカンセンNOS, ハクセン, ハクセンNOS, タムシ, 白せん, 白癬症, 表皮糸状菌症, 輪癬, たむし, 白癬
Swedish Tinea
Czech tinea, Tinea, Tinea NOS, Dermatofytózy, Plísňová infekce, Plísňové onemocnění NOS, Plísňová infekce NOS, mikrosporie
Finnish Tinea
Russian EPIDERMOFITOZ, DERMATOFITII, DERMATOMIKOZ, TRIKHOFITOZ, ДЕРМАТОМИКОЗ, ДЕРМАТОФИТИИ, ТРИХОФИТОЗ, ЭПИДЕРМОФИТОЗ
Croatian Not Translated[Tinea]
Polish Liszaj obrączkowy, Grzybica powierzchowna, Liszaj obrębny, Grzybica naskórkowa
Hungarian Bőrgomba k.m.n., Tinea fertőzések, Tinea fertőzés, Tinea k.m.n., Tinea, trichophytosis fertőzés k.m.n.
Norwegian Tinea, Ringorm