II. Types: Abnormal

  1. Steppage Gait
    1. Cause: Neurologic deficit interferes with foot dorsiflexion
    2. Hip and Knee Joints are flexed excessively during swing phase (allows toes to clear ground)
  2. Trendelenburg Gait
    1. Cause: Developmental dysplasia of hip interferes with hip abduction
    2. Tests: Trandelenburg Test is positive
    3. Pelvis tilts downward toward the unaffected side during the swing phase
  3. Circumduction Gait
    1. Causes
      1. Limb-length discrepancy (Galeazzi Sign positive)
      2. Knee or ankle stiffness due to underlying neurologic or mechanical disorder
    2. Appearance
      1. Stance phase: Knee is hyperextended and locked
      2. Swing phase: Affected leg is abducted or circumducted
  4. Equinus Gait
    1. Causes
      1. Cerebral Palsy
      2. Achilles tendon tight
      3. Calcaneal Fracture
      4. Foot foreign body
      5. Limb-length discrepancy
    2. Appearance
      1. Toe walking

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Ontology: O/E - steppage gait (C0437308)

Concepts Finding (T033)
SnomedCT 163689006, 140893005
Spanish al examen: marcha polineurítica (hallazgo), al examen: marcha polineurítica (categoría dependiente del contexto), al examen: marcha en estepage, al examen: marcha de gallo, al examen: marcha en estepaje, al examen: marcha polineurítica
English On examination - steppage gait, O/E - steppage gait (finding), O/E - steppage gait, On examination - steppage gait (context-dependent category), On examination - steppage gait (finding)

Ontology: increased leg circumduction during swing phase of gait (C2048853)

Concepts Finding (T033)
English increased leg circumduction during swing phase of gait, increased leg circumduction during swing phase of gait (physical finding)