II. Findings: Signs and Symptoms

  1. Mental Status Impairment
    1. Confusion
    2. Amnesia
    3. Perseveration
    4. Personality change: flat affect, apathy
    5. Cognitive change: short attention span, slowness
    6. Deterioration of Intellectual Function
  2. Urinary continence (long duration)
  3. Contralateral Hemiparesis or Hemiplegia
  4. Sensory Impairments (contralateral)
  5. Foot and Leg deficits
    1. More frequent than arm deficits
    2. Footdrop
  6. Apraxia on affected side
  7. Expressive Aphasia (if left hemisphere)
  8. Deviation of the eyes and head toward the affected side
  9. Abulia
    1. Inability to make decisions or voluntary acts
  10. Gait dysfunction

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Ontology: Infarction, Anterior Cerebral Artery (C0751843)

Definition (MSH) NECROSIS occurring in the ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY system, including branches such as Heubner's artery. These arteries supply blood to the medial and superior parts of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, Infarction in the anterior cerebral artery usually results in sensory and motor impairment in the lower body.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D020243
French Infarctus de l'ACA, Infarctus de l'artère cérébrale antérieure, Infarctus du territoire de l'ACA, Infarctus du territoire de l'artère cérébrale antérieure
Swedish Infarkt, främre hjärnartär
English INFARCT ACA, INFARCT ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY CIRCULATION, INFARCT ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY DISTRIBUTION, ACA INFARCT, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY INFARCT, stroke of anterior cerebral artery (diagnosis), stroke of anterior cerebral artery, ACA Infarction, ACA Infarctions, Infarction, ACA, Infarctions, ACA, Infarction, Anterior Cerebral Artery Circulation, Infarction, Anterior Cerebral Artery Distribution, Anterior Cerebral Artery Infarction, Infarction, Anterior Cerebral Artery, Anterior Cerebral Artery Stroke, Stroke, Anterior Cerebral Artery, anterior cerebral artery stroke, Infarction, Anterior Cerebral Artery [Disease/Finding]
Czech arteria cerebri anterior - infarkt, arteria cerebri anterior - mrtvice
Finnish Etumaisen aivovaltimon alueen infarkti
Russian MOZGA GOLOVNOGO ARTERII PEREDNEI INFARKT, TSEREBRAL'NOI ARTERII PEREDNEI INFARKT, KHEIBNERA ARTERII INFARKT, МОЗГА ГОЛОВНОГО АРТЕРИИ ПЕРЕДНЕЙ ИНФАРКТ, ХЕЙБНЕРА АРТЕРИИ ИНФАРКТ, ЦЕРЕБРАЛЬНОЙ АРТЕРИИ ПЕРЕДНЕЙ ИНФАРКТ
Japanese 卒中-ヒューブナー動脈, 前大脳動脈卒中, ホイブナー動脈卒中, 卒中-前大脳動脈, ヒューブナー動脈卒中, 卒中-ホイブナー動脈, 梗塞-前大脳動脈, 前大脳動脈梗塞
Polish Zawał obszaru tętnicy mózgowej przedniej, Zawał regionu tętnicy mózgowej przedniej
Norwegian Blodpropp i arteria cerebri anterior, Infarkt i arteria cerebri anterior, Blodpropp i fremre hjernearterie, Hjerneinfarkt, arteria cerebri anterior, Infarkt i fremre hjernearterie
Portuguese Acidente Cerebrovascular da Artéria Cerebral Anterior, Derrame da Artéria Cerebral Anterior, Ictus da Artéria Cerebral Anterior, Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Anterior
German A. cerebri anterior, Schlaganfall, A. cerebri anterior-Infarkt, Infarkt, A. cerebri anterior, Schlaganfall, A. cerebri anterior
Italian Infarto dell'arteria cerebrale anteriore
Dutch Arteria-cerebralis-anteriorinfarct, CVA, arteria verebralis anterior, Infarct van de arteria cerebralis anterior
Spanish Ataque de la Arteria Cerebral Anterior, Infarto de la Arteria Cerebral Anterior