II. Definition

  1. Respiratory pause in a Premature Infant born before 37 weeks
    1. Episode lasts at least 20 seconds OR
    2. Episode accompanied by Bradycardia, Hypoxia, change in tone or atypical movements

III. Management: Typically directed by Neonatology

  1. Methylxanthines
    1. Continue until event-free and at least 40 weeks adjusted age
  2. Apnea monitor
    1. Continue until event-free and at least 43 weeks adjusted age

IV. Course

  1. Episodes cease in most Premature Infants by 42-44 weeks adjusted age

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Ontology: Apnea of prematurity (C0475715)

Definition (NCI) The cessation of breathing in premature infants that lasts for more than 15-20 seconds.
Concepts Pathologic Function (T046)
ICD10 P28.4
SnomedCT 276544005
English apnoea of prematurity, apnea of prematurity, apnea prematurity, Apnea of Prematurity, Apnea of prematurity, Apnoea of prematurity, Apnea of prematurity (disorder)
Spanish apnea del prematuro (trastorno), apnea del prematuro