II. Agents: Mycotoxins

  1. Alfatoxins
    1. Produced by Aspergillus flavus and parasiticus
    2. Toxicity via ingestion (FDA limits to <20 ppb)
    3. Associated with hepatotoxicity and liver cancer
  2. Fusarium (T-2 Toxin)
    1. Causes alimentary toxic aleukia
    2. Seen in eating over wintered corn and wheat
    3. Results
      1. Mouth ulcers
      2. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
      3. Leukopenia
  3. Stachybotrys
    1. Found originally in Russia, contaminated hay or grain
    2. Cellulose degrading fungi
      1. Fiberboard or paper
      2. Wet hay
      3. Wallpaper
  4. Ochratoxin A
  5. Deoxynivalenol (DON)
  6. Zearalenone
  7. Fumonisins

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Ontology: Mycotoxins (C0026955)

Definition (NCI) Mycotoxins are toxic, secondary metabolites of low molecular weight produced by naturally occurring fungi. Mycotoxins are neither infectious nor contagious, but can occur on a herd-wide basis.
Definition (MSH) Toxic compounds produced by FUNGI.
Definition (CSP) toxic substance produced by a fungus.
Concepts Hazardous or Poisonous Substance (T131) , Organic Chemical (T109)
MSH D009183
SnomedCT 44644008
LNC LP19630-0
English Fungal Toxins, Mycotoxins, Toxins, Fungal, mycotoxin, Mycotoxins [Chemical/Ingredient], fungal toxin, mycotoxins, Fungal toxin, Mycotoxin, Mycotoxin (substance), Fungal toxin, NOS, Mycotoxin, NOS, Fungal Toxin
Swedish Mykotoxiner
Czech mykotoxiny
Finnish Mykotoksiinit
Russian GRIBKOVYE TOKSINY, MIKOTOKSINY, ГРИБКОВЫЕ ТОКСИНЫ, МИКОТОКСИНЫ
French Toxines fongiques, Mycotoxines
Polish Mykotoksyny
Japanese 真菌毒, 菌類毒素, マイコトキシン, ミコトキシン
Croatian MIKOTOKSINI
Spanish Toxinas Fúngicas, micotoxina (sustancia), micotoxina, toxina fúngica, Micotoxinas, Toxinas de Hongos
Portuguese Toxinas Fúngicas, Micotoxinas, Toxinas de Fungos
German Mykotoxine, Pilztoxine
Italian Micotossine