II. Etiologies: Infection

  1. Viral Labyrinthitis
    1. Mumps most common etiology (Vertigo uncommon)
  2. Bacterial Labyrinthitis (uncommon)
    1. Due to extension of Otitis Media or Cholesteatoma

III. Pathophysiology

  1. Not synonymous with Vestibular Neuronitis
  2. Local spread from middle ear infection or Meningitis
  3. Causes permanent damage to Cochlea, vestibular system

IV. Symptoms

  1. Vertigo is variably present
  2. Severe and total Sensorineural Hearing Loss
  3. Tinnitus may be present

V. Signs

  1. Nystagmus
  2. Ear exam normal

Images: Related links to external sites (from Google)

Ontology: Viral labyrinthitis (C0155508)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
ICD9 386.35, 078.81
ICD10 A88.1
SnomedCT 186738001, 43680000, 34243007, 409711008
English Viral labyrinthitis, NOS, Viral otitis interna, NOS, Viral labyrinthitis syndrome, viral labyrinthitis (diagnosis), viral labyrinthitis, labyrinthitis viral, epidemic vertigo (diagnosis), epidemic vertigo, LABYRINTHITIS VIRAL, Epidemic vertigo, Acute epidemic vertigo, Epidemic vertigo (disorder), Viral labyrinthitis, Epidemic vertigo (finding), Epidemic neurolabyrinthitis, Viral labyrinthitis (disorder), Viral otitis interna
Italian Labirintite virale, Vertigine epidemica
Japanese ウイルス性迷路炎, ウイルスセイメイロエン, 流行性回転性めまい, リュウコウセイカイテンセイメマイ
Spanish otitis interna viral, laberintitis virósica, Vértigo epidémico, vértigo epidémico (trastorno), vértigo epidémico agudo, vértigo epidémico, Laberintitis vírica, neurolaberintitis epidémica, vértigo epidémico (hallazgo), laberintitis viral (trastorno), laberintitis viral
German Epidemischer Schwindel, epidemischer Schwindel, virale Labyrinthitis
Czech Virová labyrintitida, Vertigo epidemica
Korean 유행성 현기증
Portuguese Vertigem epidémica, Labirintite viral
Dutch epidemische vertigo, Epidemische duizeligheid, virale labyrinthitis
French Vertige épidémique, Labyrinthite virale
Hungarian Epidemiás vertigo, vírusos labyrinthitis