II. Definition

  1. Transcutaneous medication delivery to deeper tissues potentiated by electrical current

III. Mechanism

  1. Cathodes are used to drive in negatively charged substances
  2. Anodes drive in positively charged particles

IV. Protocol

  1. Medication applied to skin (e.g. Dexamethasone 0.4% for local inflammation)
  2. Cathode or anode applied per substance used as described above
  3. Amperage adjusted for skin resistance

V. Indications

VI. Contraindications

  1. Avoid over open wound sites, metallic implanted devices, pins, staples, or wires
  2. Peripheral Neuropathy or other sites with decreased sensation

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Ontology: Iontophoresis (C0022024)

Definition (SNOMEDCT) An administration into the tissues of an ionic substance by means of an electric current
Definition (MSH) Therapeutic introduction of ions of soluble salts into tissues by means of electric current. In medical literature it is commonly used to indicate the process of increasing the penetration of drugs into surface tissues by the application of electric current. It has nothing to do with ION EXCHANGE; AIR IONIZATION nor PHONOPHORESIS, none of which requires current.
Definition (NCI) Ion transfer of topical solution into the epidermis and mucous membranes of body by continuous direct current. Can be used for local and systemic drug delivery. Concept does not refer to ion exchange, air ionization, and phonophoresis.
Definition (NCI) Administration by means of an electric current where ions of soluble salts migrate into the tissues of the body. (FDA)
Definition (ALT) Applying a substance(s) or medication(s) using a galvanic, low-voltage current on the skin of a client's body part or region to cause transdermal substance(s) or medication(s) penetration and to treat pain, inflammation, spasm and/or calcium deposits. Service is billed in 20-minute increments.
Concepts Therapeutic or Preventive Procedure (T061)
MSH D007478
ICD9 99.27
ICD10 12200-00
SnomedCT 61369008, 419464001, 91480001, 129442009
English Iontophoreses, Iontophoresis, Physical medicine iontophoresis, IONTOPHORESIS, ION, Iontophoresis Route of Administration, iontophoresis (treatment), iontophoresis, Physical medicine iontophoresis (regime/therapy), galvanoionization, medical ionization, iontopheresis, iontotherapy, iontophoreses, iontophorese, iontophoresi, Iontophoresis route (qualifier value), Iontophoresis use, Iontophoresis route, Iontophoresis procedure, Iontophoresis - action (qualifier value), Iontophoresis - action, Iontophoresis procedure (regime/therapy), Iontophoresis procedure (procedure), Physical medicine iontophoresis -RETIRED-, Iontophoresis each 20 minutes, Iontophoresis ea.20min
Spanish iontoforesis, iontoforesis (calificador), iontoforesis - acción, iontoforesis (acción), iontoforesis - RETIRADO - (concepto no activo), iontoforesis - RETIRADO -, iontoforesis - acción (calificador), iontoterapia (acción), medicina física de iontoforesis, procedimiento de iontoforesis (procedimiento), procedimiento de iontoforesis (régimen/tratamiento), procedimiento de iontoforesis, Iontoforesis
Swedish Jontofores
Czech iontoforéza
Finnish Iontoforeesi
French Iontophorèse, Ionophorèse
Polish Jontoforeza, Jonoforeza
German Iontophorese
Italian Iontoforesi
Dutch Iontoforese
Portuguese Iontoforese