II. Causes

  1. Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  2. Histoplasmosis
  3. Silicosis

III. Pathophysiology

  1. Broncholith perforates
    1. Calcified lymph node or granuloma
  2. Perforation extends from hilar region into Bronchi

IV. Symptoms

  1. Sudden onset cough
  2. Hemoptysis (may be massive)

V. Signs

  1. Hemoptysis may contain Calcium Carbonate fragments
  2. Coarse rhonchi
  3. Fever

VI. Diagnosis

  1. Bronchoscopy
    1. May localize broncholith or perforation site

VII. Radiology: Chest XRay

  1. Distal Bronchus with calcified fragment
  2. Hilar or paratracheal nodes may be calcified

VIII. Course

  1. Pulmonary Hemorrhage from broncholith has been fatal

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies (from Trip Database) Open in New Window

Ontology: Broncholithiasis (C0221367)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
ICD10 J98.09
SnomedCT 69921001, 196157001
Dutch broncholithiase, bronchus; calculus, calculus; bronchus, calculus; long
French Broncholithiase
German Bronchiolithiasis
Italian Broncolitiasi
Portuguese Broncolitíase
Spanish Broncolitiasis, broncolitiasis (trastorno), broncolitiasis
Japanese 気管支結石症, キカンシケッセキショウ
English broncholithiasis, broncholithiasis (diagnosis), Broncholith, Broncholithiasis, Broncholithiasis (disorder), bronchus; calculus, calculus; bronchus, calculus; lung
Czech Broncholitiáza
Hungarian Broncholithiasis