II. Causes: Glomerular (Increased glomerulus permeability)

  1. Primary Glomerulonephropathy
    1. Minimal Change Disease
    2. IgA Nephropathy
    3. Idiopathic membranous Glomerulonephritis
    4. Focal segmental Glomerulonephritis
    5. Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis
  2. Secondary Glomerulonephropathy
    1. Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetic Nephropathy)
    2. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Lupus Nephritis)
    3. Amyloidosis
    4. Preeclampsia (Pregnancy Induced Hypertension)
    5. Infection
      1. HIV Infection
      2. Hepatitis B
      3. Hepatitis C
      4. Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis
      5. Syphilis
      6. Malaria
      7. Endocarditis
    6. Lung Cancer
    7. Gastrointestinal Cancer
    8. Lymphoma
    9. Renal transplant rejection
  3. Drug-induced Glomerulonephropathy
    1. Heroin
    2. NSAIDs
    3. Gold
    4. Penicillamine
    5. Lithium
    6. Heavy metals

III. Causes: Tubular (Decreased tubular reabsorption)

  1. Hypertensive nephrosclerosis
  2. Uric Acid nephropathy
  3. Acute hypersensitivity
  4. Interstitial Nephritis
  5. Fanconi Syndrome
  6. Heavy metals
  7. Sickle Cell Anemia
  8. NSAIDs
  9. Antibiotics

IV. Causes: Overflow (Increased low MW protein production)

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