II. Indications

  1. Evaluation of Illicit Drug use in athletes

III. Normal

  1. Epitestosterone to Testosterone Ratio = 2-3 to 1

IV. Abnormal

  1. Epitestosterone to Testosterone Ratio = 6-9 to 1
  2. Conditions with abnormal ratio
    1. Growth Hormone abuse by athletes
    2. Anabolic Steroid use by athletes

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