II. Epidemiology

  1. Orchestra musicians with Work-Related Injury: 82%

III. Causes: Common Injuries

  1. Musculoskeletal problems
  2. Skin conditions
  3. Neurologic complications
    1. Nerve entrapment
    2. Focal Dystonia (cramps)
  4. Periodontal Disease
  5. Pneumothorax
  6. Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome
  7. Hearing Loss
  8. Depression
  9. Anxiety

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