II. Epidemiology

  1. Bone resorption occurs in nearly all prolonged critically ill patients
  2. Nierman (1998) Chest 114(4): 1122-8 [PubMed]

III. Risk Factors

  1. Corticosteroid use
  2. Limited weight bearing
  3. Vitamin D Deficiency (very common in prolonged ICU admission)
  4. Women over age 60 years

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Ontology: Disuse osteoporosis (C0152256)

Definition (CSP) a form of osteoporosis due to immobilization or inactivity.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
ICD9 733.03
ICD10 M81.2
SnomedCT 203491001, 203430002, 53174001
English Osteoporosis of disuse, bone disuse atrophy, disuse osteoporosis (diagnosis), disuse osteoporosis, disuse atrophy bone, Disuse osteoporosis, Disuse atrophy of bone, Disuse osteoporosis (disorder), disuse; osteoporosis, osteoporosis; disuse
Dutch inactiviteitsosteoporose, inactiviteit; osteoporose, osteoporose; inactiviteit, Osteoporose door inactiviteit
French Ostéoporose par défaut d'usage
German Osteoporose infolge Inaktivitaet, Inaktivitaetsosteoporose
Italian Osteoporosi da non uso
Portuguese Osteoporose por inactividade
Spanish Osteoporosis por desuso, osteoporosis por inactividad (trastorno), osteoporosis por inactividad
Japanese 廃用性骨粗鬆症, ハイヨウセイコツソショウショウ
Czech Osteoporóza z nečinnosti
Korean 무용성 골다공증
Hungarian Inaktivitási osteoporosis

Ontology: Schirmer tear test procedure (C0200152)

Concepts Diagnostic Procedure (T060)
SnomedCT 164742009, 71564003, 141911004
LNC LP32270-8
Italian Test di Schirmer, Test della carta assorbente di Schirmer
Dutch Schirmer-blotting paper test, Schirmer-test
German Schirmertest mit Filterpapier, Schirmer-Test
Portuguese Prova do papel mata-borrão de Schirmer, Exame de Schirmer
Spanish Prueba de papel secante de Schirmer, prueba de Schirmer (procedimiento), prueba de Schirmer, prueba de producción de lágrimas, prueba del ojo seco, prueba del ojo xeroftálmico, Prueba de Schirmer
Japanese シルマーテスト, シルマー試験紙テスト, シルマーテスト, シルマーシケンシテスト
Czech Schirmerův test, Schirmerův test se savým papírem
English Schirmer test, schirmer's test, schirmer tearing test, schirmer tear tests, Schirmer tear test procedure, Schirmer's blotting paper test, Schirmer tear test (procedure), Schirmer tear test, Dry eye test, Lacrimal test, Schirmer's test, Schirmer's test (procedure)
Hungarian Schirmer vizsgálat, Schirmer itatós papír vizsgálat
French Test de Schirmer