II. Class

  1. Sympathomimetic
  2. Schedule II

III. Preparations:

IV. Street Names

  1. Bennies
  2. Speed
  3. Pep Pills
  4. Hearts
  5. Wake-ups
  6. Uppers

V. Pharmacokinetics

  1. Amphetamine (5-250 mg): 4-12 hour duration

VI. Routes

  1. Swallowed
  2. Intravenous
  3. Smoked (ice or crystal Methamphetamine)

VII. Medical uses

  1. Relieves mild depression
  2. Control appetite and Narcolepsy

VIII. Effects of heavy or prolonged use

  1. Loss of appetite
  2. Delusions
  3. Hallucinations
  4. Toxic Psychosis

IX. Signs: Toxicity

  1. See Sympathomimetic Toxicity
  2. Similar to Cocaine, longer duration >2 hours
  3. Adverse reaction also similar to Cocaine

X. Toxicity Management

  1. See Sympathomimetic Toxicity
  2. Same as for Cocaine
  3. Ammonium chloride
    1. Acidifies urine
    2. Increases excretion
  4. Avoid Haldol in Amphetamine Overdose
    1. Lowers Seizure threshold

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