II. Risk Factors

  1. Extraspinal infection site
  2. Urinary tract instrumentation
  3. Indwelling vascular catheter
  4. Hemodialysis
  5. Intravenous Drug Abuse
  6. Cancer
  7. Diabetes Mellitus

III. Causes

  1. Common causes
    1. Hematogenous spread
    2. Surgery
  2. Other causes
    1. Trauma
    2. Adjacent infection spread
    3. Spine surgery complication

IV. Symptoms

  1. Severe pain
  2. Limited spine range of motion

V. Radiology

  1. MRI Spine

VI. Management

  1. Antibiotic course for 6 weeks
  2. See Acute Osteomyelitis Management

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Ontology: Osteomyelitis of vertebra (C0452221)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
ICD10 M46.2 , M46.20, M46.29
SnomedCT 203241002
Dutch spinale osteomyelitis, osteomyelitis; wervel, wervel; osteomyelitis, Osteomyelitis van wervel
French Ostéomyélite spinale
German spinale Osteomyelitis, Wirbelosteomyelitis
English VERTEBRAL OSTEOMYELITIS, vertebral osteomyelitis (diagnosis), vertebral osteomyelitis, Osteomyelitis of vertebra, site unspecified, Spinal osteomyelitis, Osteomyelitis of vertebra, Osteomyelitis of vertebra (disorder), osteomyelitis; vertebra, vertebra; osteomyelitis
Italian Osteomielite spinale
Portuguese Osteomielite espinhal
Spanish Osteomielitis espinal, osteomielitis vertebral (trastorno), osteomielitis vertebral
Japanese 脊椎骨髄炎, セキツイコツズイエン
Czech Osteomyelitida páteře
Korean 척추의 골수염
Hungarian Gerinc osteomyelitis