II. Causes

  1. Spinal Cord Injury (typically Cervical Spine Injury)
  2. Epidural Hemorrhage
  3. Acute disc Herniation

III. Signs

  1. Complete loss of motor, sensation and autonomic function below the level of lesion

IV. Complications

  1. Spinal Shock
  2. Neurogenic Shock (Sympathetic Nerve injury)
  3. Respiratory failure due to diaphragmatic denervation (injury above levels C3-5)

V. Prognosis

  1. Poor rehabilitation potential for functional improvement of the affected levels

VI. References

  1. Decker in Chorley and Bachur (2014) Overview of Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries..., UpToDate, Wolters-Kluwer
  2. Wagner (1997) Emerg Med Clin North Am 15:699-711 [PubMed]

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Ontology: Spinal Cord transection injury (C0433905)

Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
MSH D013119
SnomedCT 262710003
French Syndrome de section complète de la moëlle épinière, Section de la moëlle épinière, Section médullaire, Syndrome de section médullaire complète
English Cord Transection, Spinal, Cord Transections, Spinal, Spinal Cord Transections, Transection, Spinal Cord, Transections, Spinal Cord, Spinal Cord transection injury, spinal cord transection, transection of spinal cord, Transection of spinal cord (diagnosis), injury spinal cord transection, Transection of spinal cord, Transection of spinal cord (disorder), Spinal Cord Transection
Norwegian Ryggmargstranseksjon, Overskjæring av ryggmargen, Transectio av ryggmargen
Spanish sección de médula espinal (trastorno), sección de médula espinal