II. Anatomy: Bone

  1. orthoSpineVertebraeGrayBB67.gif Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
  2. orthoSpineVertebraeGrayBB82.gif Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
  3. orthoSpineVertebraeGrayBB83.gif Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
  4. OrthoSpineCompleteLateralGrayBB111.gif Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)

III. Anatomy: Muscle

  1. orthoSpineMusclesGrayBB409.gif Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)

IV. Anatomy: General

  1. orthoSpineLandmarksGrayBB1212.gif Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)

V. Anatomy: Vertebral Landmarks

  1. Anterior
    1. Anterior longitudinal ligament
    2. Vertebral Body
  2. Middle
    1. Pedicle
    2. Transverse Process
    3. Articular facet
  3. Posterior
    1. Posterior longitudinal ligament
    2. Lamina
    3. Spinous process

VI. Anatomy: Disc

  1. Nucleus pulposus
    1. Inner gelatinous core
    2. High water content
    3. Desiccates with age losing cushioning over time
  2. Anulus fibrosis
    1. Outer fibrous ring encases nucleus pulposus

VII. Anatomy: Ligaments

  1. Anterior Support
    1. Anterior Longitudinal ligament (anterior to body)
    2. Posterior Longitudinal Ligament (posterior to body)
      1. Weak laterally
      2. Allows for lateral disc Herniation
  2. Posterior Support
    1. Ligamentum Flavum (binds laminae)
    2. Nuchal ligament (binds spinous processes): Strong
    3. Interspinous Lig. (binds spinous processes): Strong
  3. Capsular Ligament
    1. Binds articular joint
    2. Weak and lax

VIII. Anatomy: Nerve Course

  1. Nerve exits above Vertebra
    1. Nerve C5-6 exits above C6 Vertebrae
  2. Nerves C5 and C6 most commonly impinged (90%)
  3. Exit sites
    1. Foramen between pedicles
    2. Apophyseal joint posterolaterally
    3. Joint of Luschka anteromedially

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Ontology: Vertebral column (C0037949)

Definition (NCI_CDISC) A series of bones, muscles, tendons, and other tissues reaching from the base of the skull to the tailbone. The vertebral column forms the axis of the skeleton and encloses as well as protects the spinal cord and the fluid surrounding the spinal cord. (NCI)
Definition (NCI) A series of bones, muscles, tendons, and other tissues reaching from the base of the skull to the tailbone. The vertebral column forms the axis of the skeleton and encloses as well as protects the spinal cord and the fluid surrounding the spinal cord.
Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) The bones, muscles, tendons, and other tissues that reach from the base of the skull to the tailbone. The spinal column encloses the spinal cord and the fluid surrounding the spinal cord.
Definition (MSH) The spinal or vertebral column.
Definition (CSP) column of bones and cartilage that extends from the base of the skull to the pelvis, enclosing and protecting the spinal cord and supporting the trunk and head.
Definition (AOT) see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
Concepts Body Part, Organ, or Organ Component (T023)
MSH D013131
SnomedCT 421060004, 293330002, 280717001
LNC LP7596-2, MTHU003055, LA4340-1
English Vertebral column, Spine, Spinal Column, Dorsal spine, Spinal structure, Structure of vertebral column (body structure), Structure of vertebral column, Dorsal spine structure, Spinal column, Columna vertebralis, Backbone, Structure of vertebral column, unspecified, Column, Spinal, Columns, Spinal, Spinal Columns, Column, Vertebral, Columns, Vertebral, Vertebral Column, Vertebral Columns, backbones, spines, spine, Vertebral column (body structure), Spinal structure (body structure), vertebral column, SPINAL COLUMN, VERTEBRAL COLUMN, backbone, spinal column
Spanish estructura de la columna vertebral (estructura corporal), estructura de la columna vertebral, columna vertebral, columna vertebral (estructura corporal), estructura vertebral (estructura corporal), estructura vertebral, Columna Espinal, Columna Vertebral, Espina Dorsal
Portuguese Espinha Dorsal, Coluna Espinal, Coluna Espinhal, Coluna Vertebral
Swedish Ryggrad
Czech páteř
Finnish Selkäranka
Italian Colonna spinale, Colonna vertebrale
Russian POZVONOCHNYI STOLB, POZVONOCHNIK, ПОЗВОНОЧНИК, ПОЗВОНОЧНЫЙ СТОЛБ
Japanese 脊柱, 椎骨, 脊椎
Croatian KRALJEŽNICA
Latvian Mugurkauls
Polish Kręgosłup
Norwegian Ryggrad, Ryggsøyle, Columna vertebralis, Virvelsøyle
French Colonne vertébrale, Rachis, Colonne rachidienne
German Columna vertebralis, Rückgrat, Wirbelsäule
Dutch Wervelkolom

Ontology: Entire vertebra (C1279061)

Concepts Body Part, Organ, or Organ Component (T023)
SnomedCT 181817002
English Vertebra, Entire vertebra (body structure), Entire vertebra
Spanish vértebra [como un todo] (estructura corporal), vértebra [como un todo], vértebra