II. Precautions

  1. Used only in anesthesia, emergency and intensive care
  2. Airway and respiratory control is critical after use
  3. Paralytic Agents do not alter Level of Consciousness
    1. Must be used with Sedation and analgesia

III. Indication

IV. Contraindications (use Rocuronium as alternative)

  1. Hyperkalemia risk
    1. Malignant Hyperthermia
    2. Burn Injury (more than 5 days from injury until healed)
    3. Muscle crush injury (more than 5 days from injury until healed)
    4. Spinal cord injury or stroke (more than 5 days from onset until 6 months later)
    5. Neuromuscular disorder (e.g. MS, Muscular Dystrophy, Myopathy)
    6. Serious intra-abdominal infection (more than 5 days from onset until infection resolved)
    7. Myopathy with elevated Creatine Phosphokinase
  2. Malignant Hyperthermia history or Family History
  3. Penetrating Eye Injury
  4. Narrow Angle Glaucoma
  5. Increased Intracranial Pressure
  6. Congestive Heart Failure

VI. Preparations

  1. Succinylcholine 20 mg/ml in 200 mg/10 ml vial

VII. Dose (based on Ideal Body Weight in obese patients)

  1. Initial dose
    1. IV Dose: 1 to 1.5 mg/kg up to 150 mg IV
      1. Example: 120 mg for an 80 kg patient
    2. IM Dose: 2-4 mg/kg up to 150 mg IM
    3. Raise dose if used with non-depolarizing agent
    4. Wait at least one minute for defasciculation prior to intubating (risk of Emesis)
    5. Avoid under-dosing (risk of difficult intubation)
  2. Maintenance dosing (if needed)
    1. Starts 5-10 minutes after initial dose
    2. Please see other references for maintenance dosing
    3. May be used as a continuous infusion

VIII. Pharmacokinetics

  1. Onset: <1 minute
  2. Duration: 4-6 minute (up to 8 minutes)

IX. Adverse Effects

  1. Bradycardia
  2. Hyperkalemia
  3. Masseter muscle spasm
  4. Malignant Hyperthermia
  5. Increased Intracranial Pressure
  6. Oxygen Saturation drops more quickly with Succinylcholine due to oxygen utilization for paralysis (depolarization)

X. References

  1. Miller in Katzung (1989) Pharmacology, p. 323-33
  2. Savarese in Miller (2000) Anesthesia, p. 412-90
  3. (2003) Lexicomp Drug database for Pocket PC

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Ontology: Succinylcholine (C0038627)

Definition (NCI) A quaternary ammonium compound and depolarizing agent with short-term muscle relaxant properties. Succinylcholine binds to nicotinic receptors at the neuromuscular junction and opening the ligand-gated channels in the same way as acetylcholine, resulting in depolarization and inhibition of neuromuscular transmission. Depolarization may be prolonged due to succinylcholine's resistance to acetylcholinesterases thereby leading to disorganized muscle contraction followed by skeletal muscle relaxation and flaccid paralysis.
Definition (MSH) A quaternary skeletal muscle relaxant usually used in the form of its bromide, chloride, or iodide. It is a depolarizing relaxant, acting in about 30 seconds and with a duration of effect averaging three to five minutes. Succinylcholine is used in surgical, anesthetic, and other procedures in which a brief period of muscle relaxation is called for.
Concepts Pharmacologic Substance (T121) , Organic Chemical (T109)
MSH D013390
SnomedCT 372724004, 3822002
LNC LP62279-2, LP15143-8, MTHU003240
English Succinylcholine, Succinyldicholine, Suxamethonium, succinylcholine, Succinylcholine [Chemical/Ingredient], Ethanaminium, 2,2'-((1,4-dioxo-1,4-butanediyl)bis(oxy))bis(N,N,N-trimethyl)-, suxamethonium, SUCCINYLCHOLINE, Succinylcholine (product), Succinylcholine (substance)
Spanish suxametonio, succinilcolina (producto), succinilcolina (sustancia), succinilcolina, Succinilcolina, Succinildicolina, Suxametonio
Swedish Succinylkolin
Czech sukcinylcholin
Finnish Suksametoni
Russian SUKTSINILDIKHOLIN, SUKTSINILKHOLIN, SUKSAMETONII, СУКСАМЕТОНИЙ, СУКЦИНИЛДИХОЛИН, СУКЦИНИЛХОЛИН
Japanese サクシニルコリン, スクシニルコリン, スクシニルジコリン, 臭化スキサメトニウム, 塩化スキサメトニウム, スキサメトニウム
Italian Susametonio, Succinildicolina, Succinilcolina
French Succinylcholine, Suxaméthonium, Succinyl-choline
Polish Sukcynylocholina, Suksametonium
German Succinylcholin, Succinyldicholin, Suxamethonium
Portuguese Succinilcolina, Succinildicolina, Suxametônio

Ontology: Anectine (C0700978)

Concepts Pharmacologic Substance (T121) , Organic Chemical (T109)
MSH D013390
English anectine, Anectine