II. Causes: Preterm Infant

  1. Intraventricular Hemorrhage
  2. Risk Factors for Intraventricular Hemorrhage
    1. Vaginal Delivery
    2. Early Gestational age
    3. Chorioamnionitis
    4. Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  3. Disproven risk factors
    1. Indomethacin does not appear to be a risk factor
  4. References
    1. Suarez (2001) Obstet Gynecol 97:921-5 [PubMed]

III. Causes: Term Infant

  1. Choroid Plexus
  2. Arteriovenous Malformations
  3. Choroid plexus papilloma
  4. Herpetic infection
  5. Cocaine
  6. Shaken Baby Syndrome
  7. Coagulopathies
    1. Protein S Deficiency or Protein C Deficiency
    2. Antithrombin III
    3. Factor 5 Leiden

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