II. Types

  1. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
    1. Affects young boys
  2. Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy
    1. Autosomal Dominant with onset ages 10 to 20 years
  3. Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy
    1. Onset ages 15 to 25 years
    2. Affects pelvic and Shoulder muscles
  4. Myotonic Dystrophy
    1. Autosomal Dominant with onset in early adulthood
    2. Myotonia with peripheral muscle wasting
    3. Associated conditions
      1. Endocrinopathy
      2. Impotence
      3. Frontal balding
      4. Cataracts

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Ontology: Muscular Dystrophy (C0026850)

Definition (CHV) an inherited disease where skeletal muscles are progressively weakened and wasted.
Definition (CHV) an inherited disease where skeletal muscles are progressively weakened and wasted.
Definition (CHV) an inherited disease where skeletal muscles are progressively weakened and wasted.
Definition (CHV) an inherited disease where skeletal muscles are progressively weakened and wasted.
Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of more than 30 inherited diseases. They all cause muscle weakness and muscle loss. Some forms of MD appear in infancy or childhood. Others may not appear until middle age or later. The different types can vary in whom they affect, which muscles they affect, and what the symptoms are. All forms of MD grow worse as the person's muscles get weaker. Most people with MD eventually lose the ability to walk.

There is no cure for muscular dystrophy. Treatments can help with the symptoms and prevent complications. They include physical and speech therapy, orthopedic devices, surgery, and medications. Some people with MD have mild cases that worsen slowly. Others cases are disabling and severe.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Definition (NCI) A group of inherited progressive muscle disorders characterized by muscle weakness and eventual death of the muscle tissues. Examples include Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Becker's muscular dystrophy, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy, and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy.
Definition (MSH) A heterogeneous group of inherited MYOPATHIES, characterized by wasting and weakness of the SKELETAL MUSCLE. They are categorized by the sites of MUSCLE WEAKNESS; AGE OF ONSET; and INHERITANCE PATTERNS.
Definition (CSP) general term for a group of inherited disorders which are characterized by progressive degeneration of skeletal muscles.
Concepts Congenital Abnormality (T019) , Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D009136
ICD9 359.1
ICD10 G71.0
SnomedCT 73297009, 193236007, 155095006, 44292004, 193257004, 267712004, 193225000
English Dystrophies, Muscular, Muscular Dystrophies, Dystrophy, Muscular, Hered.progres.musc.dystr. NOS, Heredit.progres.musc.dystrophy, Hereditary progressive muscular dystrophy NOS, MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY, PMD - Progressive muscul dystr, progressive muscular dystrophy (diagnosis), progressive muscular dystrophy, Muscular Dystrophy, Muscular dystrophy NOS, Myodystrophicas, Myodystrophica, Myodystrophies, Myodystrophy, Hered prog musc dystrphy, Muscular Dystrophies [Disease/Finding], muscular dystrophies, Dystrophy;muscular, muscular dystrophy, myodystrophy, MD, Hereditary progressive muscular dystrophy NOS (disorder), Hereditary progressive muscular dystrophy, Muscular dystrophy, MD - Muscular dystrophy, Progressive muscular dystrophy, PMD - Progressive muscular dystrophy, Hereditary progressive muscular dystrophy (disorder), Muscular dystrophy (disorder), dystrophy; muscular, congenital (hereditary) (progressive), dystrophy; muscular, hereditary (progressive), dystrophy; muscular, progressive (hereditary), dystrophy; muscular, muscular; dystrophy, congenital (hereditary) (progressive), muscular; dystrophy, hereditary (progressive), muscular; dystrophy, progressive (hereditary), muscular; dystrophy, Hereditary progressive muscular dystrophy, NOS, Muscular dystrophy, NOS, Dystrophy (Muscular)
French DYSTROPHIE MUSCULAIRE, Dystrophie musculaire SAI, Dystrophie musculaire évolutive héréditaire, Dystrophie musculaire, Dystrophies musculaires, Myodystrophies
Portuguese DISTROFIA MUSCULAR, Distrofia muscular NE, Distrofia muscular progressiva hereditária, Distrofia muscular, Distrofia Muscular, Distrofias Musculares
Italian Distrofia muscolare, Distrofia muscolare progressiva ereditaria, Distrofia muscolare NAS, Miodistrofia, Distrofia musculare, Distrofie muscolari
Dutch spierdystrofie NAO, erfelijke progressieve spierdystrofie, dystrofie; spier, congenitaal (hereditair) (progressief), dystrofie; spier, hereditair (progressief), dystrofie; spier, progressief (hereditair), dystrofie; spier, spier; dystrofie, congenitaal (hereditair) (progressief), spier; dystrofie, hereditair (progressief), spier; dystrofie, progressief (hereditair), spier; dystrofie, spierdystrofie, Dystrofie, spier-, Musculaire dystrofie, Spierdystrofie, Dystrofieën, spier-, Spierdystrofieën
German Muskeldystrophie NNB, hereditaere progessive Muskeldystrophie, Muskeldystrophie, Muskeldystrophien
Spanish Distrofia muscular progresiva hereditaria, Distrofia muscular NEOM, distrofia muscular progresiva hereditaria, SAI (trastorno), distrofia muscular progresiva hereditaria, SAI, distrofia muscular progresiva hereditaria, distrofia muscular progresiva hereditaria (concepto no activo), distrofia muscular (trastorno), distrofia muscular, miodistrofia progresiva hereditaria (trastorno), miodistrofia progresiva hereditaria, Distrofia muscular, Distrofia Muscular, Distrofias Musculares
Japanese 筋ジストロフィーNOS, キンジストロフィー, キンジストロフィーNOS, 筋ジストロフィ症, 進行性筋ジストロフィ症, 福山型先天性筋ジストロフィー, 進行性筋異栄養症, 福山型筋ジストロフィー, 進行性筋ジストロフィ, 筋異栄養症, 筋ジストロフィ, 筋ジストロフィー, 筋異栄養
Swedish Muskeldystrofier
Czech svalové dystrofie, Svalová dystrofie, Hereditární progresivní svalová dystrofie, Svalová dystrofie NOS, myodystrofie, muskulární dystrofie
Finnish Lihasdystrofiat
Russian MYSHECHNAIA DISTROFIIA, MYSHECHNYE DISTROFII, МЫШЕЧНАЯ ДИСТРОФИЯ, МЫШЕЧНЫЕ ДИСТРОФИИ
Korean 근육영양장애
Croatian MIŠIĆNE DISTROFIJE
Polish Dystrofie mięśniowe
Hungarian Muscularis dystrophia k.m.n., Muscularis dystrophia, Öröklött progressiv muscularis dystrophia
Norwegian Muskeldystrofi