II. Indications

  1. Suspected enterovirus Meningitis
    1. Allows for early hospital discharge
  2. Suspected Herpes Simplex VirusEncephalitis
  3. Suspected CytomegalovirusEncephalitis

III. Preparations: Available PCR tests

  1. Viral Meningitis sensitivity overall: 95-100%
  2. HSV Type I sensitivity: 100%
  3. Epstein-Barr Virus sensitivity: 100%
  4. Enterovirus sensitivity: 100%
  5. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
    1. PCR is gold standard
  6. Tuberculosis sensitivity: 54-100%
  7. Acute Neurosyphilis
    1. Lower sensitivity in chronic Neurosyphilis
  8. West Nile Virus
  9. Varicella Zoster Virus

IV. Advantages

  1. High sensitivity and Specificity
  2. Fast
  3. Requires only small CSF volumes

V. Disadvantages

  1. Expensive

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