II. Causes: Autoimmune

  1. Myasthenia Gravis
  2. Polymyositis
  3. Demyelinating Disease
    1. Guillain-Barre Syndrome
    2. Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy

III. Causes: Toxin (See Also Biological Neurotoxin)

  1. Botulism
  2. Buckthorn
  3. Seafood
    1. Paralytic shellfish toxin
    2. Tetrodotoxin
  4. Tick Paralysis
  5. Compound exposures
    1. Arsenic
    2. Thallium (found in rodenticides)
      1. Nausea and Vomiting
      2. Altered Level of Consciousness
      3. Seizures
    3. Lead Poisoning
    4. Organophosphates
    5. n-Hexane
  6. Medications
    1. Dapsone

IV. Causes: Metabolic

V. Causes: Infectious

  1. Poliomyelitis
  2. Diphtheria

VI. References

  1. Gallagher in Marx (2002) Rosen's Emergency Med, p. 1510
  2. Pryse-Phillips in Noble (2001) Primary Care, p. 1589

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