Derm

Scalp Laceration

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Scalp Laceration, Scalp Repair, Scalp Wound, Hair Apposition Technique

  • Precautions
  1. Exclude significant Closed Head Injury
  2. Hemostasis is critical
  • Management
  1. Hemostasis is primary initial concern
    1. Scalp Wounds bleed heavily
    2. Apply direct pressure
    3. Consider Raney Clips or Running O-Suture to temporize closure
    4. Consider figure of eight subcutaneous stitch to stop focal heavy bleeding
  2. Galeal Laceration >0.5 cm should be repaired (2-0 or 3-0 Absorbable Suture)
  3. Skin closure with staples (often preferred), or Nylon Suture (3-0 or 4-0)
    1. Staples should have a 1 mm space above skin to allow for easier removal
  • Technique
  • Hair Apposition
  1. Indications
    1. Linear Scalp Laceration <10 cm
    2. Minimum of 3 cm scalp hair
    3. Clean wound
  2. Technique
    1. Pull Hair on both sides of wound together
    2. Twist hair together with single twist
    3. Secure hair with tissue glue
  3. Follow-up
    1. Hair may be washed after 48 hours of procedure
  4. Advantages
    1. Less scarring than with standard suturing
    2. No shaving or suturing needed
    3. No increased risk of infection or bleeding
  5. Resources
    1. Hair Apposition Technique
      1. https://lacerationrepair.com/alternative-wound-closure/hair-apposition-technique/
  6. References
    1. Ong (2002) Ann Emerg Med 40:19-26 [PubMed]