II. Causes: Estimate daily volume of Sputum

III. Causes: Sputum Color

  1. Bloody Sputum (Hemoptysis)
  2. Rusty sputum (Prune-juice)
    1. Pneumococcal Pneumonia
  3. Purulent Sputum (yellow, green, dirty-gray)
    1. Color alone does not distinguish Bacterial Infection

IV. Causes: Sputum Turbidity

  1. Frothy Sputum (air bubbles, Hemoglobin)
    1. Pulmonary edema
  2. Foamy, clear material
    1. Saliva
    2. Nasal secretions

V. Causes: Sputum Viscosity

  1. Bloody Gelatinous Sputum (Currant-Jelly)
    1. KlebsiellaPneumonia
    2. Pneumococcal Pneumonia
  2. Stringy Mucoid Sputum (may also appear frothy)
    1. Follows Asthma Exacerbation
  3. Cloudy, mucoid Sputum
    1. Chronic Bronchitis
  4. Three layered appearance (stagnant, Purulent Sputum)
    1. Bronchiectasis
    2. Lung Abscess

VI. Causes: Sputum with Feculent Odor

  1. Anaerobic infection
  2. Bronchiectasis

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Ontology: Sputum inspection (C0430356)

Concepts Laboratory Procedure (T059)
SnomedCT 167988004, 167994007, 145215008, 145223005, 167982003, 145216009, 145210003, 145209008, 145235009, 167983008, 168006002, 269911007, 167989007
English Sputum examination - general, Sputum examination NOS, Sputum gen. exam. NOS, Sputum inspection NOS, sputum examination, Sputum general examination NOS (procedure), Sputum inspection NOS (procedure), Sputum gen. exam. NOS (procedure), Sputum examination - general (procedure), Spit examination, Phlegm examination, Sputum examination NOS (procedure), Sputum general examination NOS, Sputum examination, Sputum inspection, Sputum examination (procedure), Sputum inspection (procedure)
Spanish inspección de esputo, SAI, examen de esputo, SAI, examen de esputo - general (procedimiento), examen general de esputo, SAI (procedimiento), examen de esputo, SAI (procedimiento), examen de esputo - general, Sputum inspection NOS, examen general de esputo, SAI, inspección de esputo, SAI (procedimiento), Sputum examination NOS, Sputum gen. exam. NOS, examen de esputo (procedimiento), examen de esputo, inspección de esputo (procedimiento), inspección de esputo

Ontology: Color of sputum (C0475809)

Concepts Finding (T033)
SnomedCT 277896005
English color of sputum (symptom), color of sputum, colored sputum, colour sputum, sputum colour, colors sputum, sputum color, coloured sputum, Color of sputum, Colour of sputum, Color of sputum (observable entity)
Spanish color del esputo (entidad observable), color del esputo

Ontology: Rusty sputum (C0577982)

Concepts Sign or Symptom (T184)
SnomedCT 24816000
English Expectoration of rusty sputum, coughing up rusty-looking sputum (symptom), coughing up rusty-looking sputum, Rusty sputum, Rusty sputum (finding)
Spanish esputo herrumbroso (hallazgo), esputo herrumbroso, expectoración de esputo herrumbroso (hallazgo), expectoración de esputo herrumbroso