II. Epidemiology

  1. Represents <10% of all community acquired Pneumonia
  2. Debilitated or chronically ill patients

III. Risk factors

  1. Preceding viral respiratory infection
    1. Influenza
    2. Measles
  2. Cystic Fibrosis
  3. Nosocomial acquisition in intensive care unit
  4. Aspiration
  5. Nursing Home residents
  6. Obstructing Bronchogenic Carcinoma

IV. Symptoms and Signs

V. Complications

  1. Tissue necrosis
  2. Lung Cavitation
  3. Empyema (common)
  4. Pleural Effusion (common)
  5. Pneumatocele (common)
  6. Pneumothorax (25%)

VI. Labs

  1. Gram Stain
    1. Gram Positive Cocci within the Leukocytes
  2. Blood Culture
    1. Frequently negative

VII. Radiology: Chest XRay

  1. Right lung involved in 65% of cases
  2. Bilateral involvement in <20% of cases

VIII. Management

IX. References

  1. Gilbert (2001) Sanford Antimicrobial, p. 28

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Ontology: Pneumonia due to Staphylococcus aureus (C2349530)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
ICD10 J15.21 , J15.211
SnomedCT 441658007
English Pneumonia due to Staphylococcus aureus, Pneumonia due to Staphylococcus aureus (disorder), Pneumonia due to staphylococcus aureus, Pneumonia due to Staphylococcus aureus NOS
Spanish neumonía por Staphylococcus aureus, neumonía por Staphylococcus aureus (trastorno)