Surgery Book

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Leg Ulcer Causes

Aka: Leg Ulcer Causes, Foot Ulcer Causes
  1. See Also
    1. Foot Ulcer
    2. Chronic Wound
  2. Causes: Vascular
    1. Venous Insufficiency (painful ulcers, esp. medial ankle)
      1. Venous Stasis Ulcer
    2. Arteriovenous Malformation
    3. Arterial or ischemic causes (punched out ulcer, pale base)
      1. Peripheral Vascular Disease
      2. Buerger's Disease
      3. Raynaud's Syndrome (Raynaud's Phenomenon)
      4. Embolism
    4. Vasculitic Ulcer
      1. Rheumatoid Arthritis
      2. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
      3. Scleroderma
      4. Polyarteritis
    5. Lymphatic
      1. Lymphangitis
      2. Lymphedema
  3. Causes: Infectious
    1. Cellulitis
    2. Osteomyelitis
    3. Syphilis
  4. Causes: Dermatitis
    1. Contact Dermatitis or other allergic condition
    2. Bullous Disease
  5. Causes: Miscellaneous
    1. Primary or metastatic neoplasm
    2. Trauma
    3. Drug-induced
      1. Warfarin
      2. Ergotism
      3. Injection ulcer
  6. Causes: Peripheral Neuropathy or Postitioning
    1. Diabetic Neuropathy
    2. Charcot Joint
    3. Pressure Sore (Decubitus Ulcer)
  7. Causes: Systemic Disease
    1. Diabetes Mellitus
    2. Congestive Heart Failure
    3. Malnutrition
    4. Anemia
  8. References
    1. Bello (2000) JAMA 283(6): 716-8 [PubMed]
    2. Degreef (1998) Dermatol Clin 16(2): 365-75 [PubMed]
    3. Findlay (1996) Am Fam Physician 54(5): 1519-28 [PubMed]
    4. Habif (1996) Clinical Derm, Mosby, p. 810-13
    5. Knapp (1999) Pediatr Clin North Am 46(6):1201-13 [PubMed]
    6. Krasner (1995) Prevention Management Pressure Ulcers
    7. Lewis (1996) Med-Surg Nursing, Mosby, p. 199-200
    8. Lueckenotte (1996) Gerontologic Nurs., Mosby, p. 800-7
    9. PUGP (1995) Am Fam Physician 51(5):1207-22 [PubMed]
    10. PUGP (1994) Pressure Ulcer Treatment, AHCPR 95-0653
    11. Way (1991) Current Surgical, Lange, p.95-108

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