Nephrology Book

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Rhabdomyolysis Causes

Aka: Rhabdomyolysis Causes
  1. See also
    1. Rhabdomyolysis
    2. Statin-Induced Myopathy
    3. Acute Kidney Injury
  2. Causes: Exogenous Causes
    1. See medications and toxins below
    2. Limb ischemia or Compartment Syndrome
    3. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
    4. Trauma
      1. Lightning strike or third-degree burns
      2. Crush injury
      3. Snake Bite
      4. Africanized honey bee bites
    5. Heat Injury
      1. Heat Stroke
      2. Malignant Hyperthermia
      3. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
    6. Physical exertion
      1. Marathon Running
      2. Overexertion
        1. Deconditioned athletes
        2. Sickle Cell Anemia
      3. Exercising with impaired heat dissipation
        1. Heavy or occlusive sports equipment
        2. Humid, warm environment
  3. Causes: Endogenous Causes
    1. Hypoxia
    2. Polymyositis or Dermatomyositis
    3. Viral Infections
      1. HIV Infection
      2. Influenza A
      3. Influenza B
    4. Bacterial Infections
      1. Legionella
      2. Salmonella
      3. Streptococcus
    5. Endocrine causes
      1. Thyroid disease
      2. Diabetic Ketoacidosis
    6. Electrolytes
      1. Hypophosphatemia
      2. Hypokalemia (Vasoconstriction occurs when Potassium is deficient)
  4. Causes: Medications
    1. HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
      1. See Statin-Induced Myopathy
      2. Especially when used with fibrates (e.g. Gemfibrozil)
    2. Cyclosporine
    3. Itraconazole
    4. Erythromycin
    5. Colchicine
    6. Zidovudine
    7. Corticosteroids
  5. Causes: Alcohol or Drug Use
    1. Alcohol
    2. Cocaine
    3. Amphetamine
    4. Ecstasy
    5. LSD
    6. Phencyclidine (PCP)
  6. References
    1. Marx in Rosen (2002) Emergency Medicine 1762-70
    2. Sauret (2002) Am Fam Physician 65(5):907-12 [PubMed]

Rhabdomyolysis (C0035410)

Definition (CHV) a potentially fatal disease that destroys skeletal muscle
Definition (MSH) Necrosis or disintegration of skeletal muscle often followed by myoglobinuria.
Concepts Pathologic Function (T046)
MSH D012206
ICD9 728.88
ICD10 M62.82
SnomedCT 268106003, 156729009, 311511000009102, 240131006, 89010004
English Rhabdomyolyses, Rhabdomyolysis, RHABDOMYOLYSIS, rhabdomyolysis, rhabdomyolysis (diagnosis), Rhabdomyolysis [Disease/Finding], Necrosis of skeletal muscle, Skeletal muscle necrosis, Necrosis of skeletal muscle (finding), Rhabdomyolysis (disorder), Rhabdomyolysis (morphologic abnormality)
French RHABDOMYOLYSE, Rhabdomyolyse
Portuguese RABDOMIOLISE, Rabdomiólise
Spanish RABDOMIOLISIS, rabdomiólisis (anomalía morfológica), rabdomiólisis, Rabdomiolisis, rabdomiólisis (trastorno), Rabdomiólisis
German RHABDOMYOLYSE, Rhabdomyolyse
Swedish Rabdomyolys
Czech rabdomyolýza, rhabdomyolýza, Rabdomyolýza
Finnish Rabdomyolyysi
Russian RABDOMIOLIZ, РАБДОМИОЛИЗ
Croatian Not Translated[Rhabdomyolysis]
Polish Liza mięśni prążkowanych, Rabdomioliza
Japanese 横紋筋融解症, オウモンキンユウカイショウ
Hungarian Rhabdomyolysis
Norwegian Rabdomyolyse
Dutch rabdomyolyse, Myolyse, rabdo-, Rabdomyolyse
Italian Rabdomiolisi
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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