Mental Health Book

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Secondary Gain

Aka: Secondary Gain, Malingering, Factitious Disorder
  1. Definitions
    1. Factitious Disorder
      1. Adoption of physical symptoms for unconscious internal gain
    2. Malingering
      1. Purposeful feigning of physical symptoms for external gain
  2. Differential Diagnosis
    1. Somatoform Disorder

Factitious Disorders (C0015480)

Definition (NCI) A category of psychiatric disorders which are characterized by physical or psychological symptoms that are intentionally produced in order to assume the sick role; there is no external incentive for the behavior, such as economic gain or avoiding legal responsibility, and the person is unaware of any self-motivating factors.
Definition (MSH) Disorders characterized by physical or psychological symptoms that are not real, genuine, or natural.
Concepts Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction (T048)
MSH D005162
ICD10 F68.1, F68.10
SnomedCT 192528009, 50705009
DSM4 300.19
English Factitious disorder NOS, Disorders, Factitious, Factitious Disorders, Factitious Disorder NOS, Intentional production or feigning of symptoms or disabilities, either physical or psychological [factitious disorder], FACTITIOUS DIS, [X]Intent product/feign of symptom/disab eith physical/psych, [X]Intentional production or feigning of symptoms or disabilities, either physical or psychological [factitious disorder], [X]Int prd/fgn sym/dsb phy/psy, Intent product/feign of symptom/disab eith physical/psych, Int prd/fgn sym/dsb phy/psy, factitious disorder (diagnosis), factitious disorder, Factitious disorders, Factitious disorder, unspecified, Factitious Disorders [Disease/Finding], factitious disorders, factitious illness, disorder factitious, Factitious Disorder, [X]Intentional production or feigning of symptoms or disabilities, either physical or psychological [factitious disorder] (disorder), Factitious disorder, Factitious illness, Factitious disorder (disorder), disease (or disorder); artificial, factitious, disease (or disorder); feigned, without obvious motivation, disease (or disorder); feigning, disorder; factitious, disorder; feigned, without obvious motivation, disorder; intentional produced, disturbance; factitious, factitious; disorder, feigned; disease, without obvious motivation, feigned; disorder, without obvious motivation, intentional production; symptoms, intentional; produced disorder, symptoms; intentional production, Factitious disorder, NOS
Italian Disturbo fittizio, Disturbo fittizio NAS, Malattia fittizia, Disturbi fittizi
Dutch nagebootste stoornis NAO, nagebootste ziekte, aandoening; kunstmatig, zelf-toegebracht, aandoening; nagebootst, aandoening; voorgewend, zonder duidelijke reden, opzettelijk veroorzaakt; symptomen, opzettelijk; veroorzaakte aandoening, stoornis; opzettelijk veroorzaakt, stoornis; voorgewend, zonder duidelijke motivatie, stoornis; zelf-toegebracht, symptomen; opzettelijk veroorzaakt, voorgewend; aandoening, zonder duidelijke reden, voorgewend; stoornis, zonder duidelijke motivatie, zelf-toegebracht; stoornis, Opzettelijk veroorzaken of voorwenden van lichamelijke of psychische symptomen of beperkingen [nagebootste stoornis], nagebootste stoornissen, nagebootste stoornis, Nagebootste stoornis, Nagebootste stoornissen
French Trouble factice SAI, Trouble factice, Troubles factices
German vorgetaeuschte Krankheit, Simulierte Krankheiten NNB, Artifizielle Stoerung [absichtliches Erzeugen oder Vortaeuschen von koerperlichen oder psychischen Symptomen oder Behinderungen], Vorgetaeuschte Stoerungen, simulierte Krankheiten, Vorgetäuschte Störungen
Portuguese Doença factícia, Perturbação factícia NE, Transtornos Autoinduzidos, Perturbação factícia, Perturbações factícias
Spanish Enfermedad facticia, Trastorno facticio NEOM, [X]producción intencional o simulación de síntomas o de incapacidades, tanto físicas como psicológicas (trastorno facticio) (trastorno), [X]producción intencional o simulación de síntomas o de incapacidades, tanto físicas como psicológicas (trastorno facticio), Pseudodemencia, Pseudopsicosis, Trastornos Autoinducidos, trastorno facticio (trastorno), trastorno facticio, Trastornos facticios, Trastorno facticio, Trastornos Fingidos
Japanese 虚偽性障害NOS, 虚偽性障害, キョギセイショウガイNOS, キョギセイショウガイ
Swedish Simulerade sjukdomar
Czech chování strojené, Předstírané onemocnění, Předstírané poruchy, Předstíraná porucha, Předstíraná porucha NOS, předstírané poruchy, faktitivní poruchy, nepřirozené chování
Finnish Itseaiheutetut häiriöt
Russian PSEVDODEMENTSIIA, IMITIRUEMYE RASSTROISTVA, VYMYSHLENNYE RASSTROISTVA, PSEVDOPSIKHOZ, GANZERA SINDROM, ВЫМЫШЛЕННЫЕ РАССТРОЙСТВА, ГАНЗЕРА СИНДРОМ, ИМИТИРУЕМЫЕ РАССТРОЙСТВА, ПСЕВДОДЕМЕНЦИЯ, ПСЕВДОПСИХОЗ
Korean 신체적 혹은 심리학적인 증상 또는 불구의 가장이나 고의성 유발.[인위적 장애]
Polish Zaburzenia pozorowane, Pseudopsychozy, Zaburzenia imitowane, Zespół Gansera, Otępienie rzekome
Hungarian Factitious zavar, Színleléses zavar k.m.n., Színleléses betegség, Factitiosus betegségek
Norwegian Ytre motivert simulering, Doctor shopper
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Malingering (C0024630)

Definition (MSHCZE) Předstírání (chorobných příznaků). Simulant je zdravý člověk, který předstírá příznaky nemoci. Úmysly mohou přitom být různé – pracovní neschopnost, získání náhrady za údajné poškození, vynucení pozornosti apod. (cit. Velký lékařský slovník online, 2013 http://lekarske.slovniky.cz/ )
Definition (MSH) Simulation of symptoms of illness or injury with intent to deceive in order to obtain a goal, e.g., a claim of physical illness to avoid jury duty.
Definition (PSY) Feigning or exaggerating illness or symptoms, usually in order to escape work, evoke sympathy, or gain compensation.
Concepts Individual Behavior (T055)
MSH D008306
SnomedCT 123086002, 23268009
DSM4 V65.2
Dutch simuleren, Simulatie
German Simulation, Simulieren
Italian Fingersi malato, Patomimia
Portuguese Sinulação, Simulação de Doença
Spanish Fingimiento de enfermedad, patomimia - RETIRADO -, simulación, patomimia - RETIRADO - (concepto no activo), simulación de enfermedad (hallazgo), simulación de enfermedad, Simulación de Enfermedad
French Sinistrose, Pathomimie, Simulation
Swedish Simulering
Czech simulování, Simulování, simulace
Finnish Sairaaksi tekeytyminen
Russian SIMULIATSIIA, СИМУЛЯЦИЯ
English malingering (diagnosis), malingering, Malingering, malinger, malingers, Feigning illness, Malingering (finding), Malingering -RETIRED-
Japanese 詐病, サビョウ
Polish Symulacja choroby
Hungarian Szimulálás
Norwegian Malingering, Indre motivert simulering
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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