Mental Health Book

Hallucinogen Use Disorders

Inhalants

Sedative Abuse

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Benzodiazepine Equivalents

Aka: Benzodiazepine Equivalents, Barbiturate Equivalents, Sedative Equivalents
  1. Indications
    1. Benzodiazepine Withdrawal
    2. Barbiturate withdrawal
    3. Sedative withdrawal
  2. Preparations: Benzodiazepines Equivalents
    1. Alprazolam (Xanax)
      1. Alprazolam 0.5 mg is equivalent to 10 mg Diazepam
      2. Valium = Dose x20
      3. Phenobarbital = Dose x30
    2. Chlordiazepoxide (Librium, Limbitrol)
      1. Chlordiazepoxide 25 mg is equivalent to 10 mg Diazepam
      2. Valium = Dose x0.4
      3. Phenobarbital = Dose x1.2
    3. Clonazepam (Klonopin)
      1. Clonazepam 0.5 mg is equivalent to 10 mg Diazepam
      2. Valium = Dose x20
      3. Phenobarbital = Dose x7.5
    4. Flurazepam (Dalmane)
      1. Flurazepam 15-30 mg is equivalent to 10 mg Diazepam
      2. Valium = Dose x0.33
      3. Phenobarbital = Dose x2.0
    5. Halazepam (Paxipam)
      1. Halazepam 20 mg is equivalent to 10 mg Diazepam
      2. Valium = Dose x0.5
      3. Phenobarbital = Dose x0.75
    6. Lorazepam (Ativan)
      1. Lorazepam 1 mg is equivalent to 10 mg Diazepam
      2. Valium = Dose x10
      3. Phenobarbital = Dose x15.0
    7. Oxazepam (Serax) 60 mg
      1. Oxazepam 20 mg is equivalent to 10 mg Diazepam
      2. Valium = Dose x0.5
      3. Phenobarbital = Dose x3.0
    8. Temazepam (Restoril)
      1. Temazepam 20 mg is equivalent to 10 mg Diazepam
      2. Valium = Dose x0.5
      3. Phenobarbital = Dose x3.0
  3. Preparations: Barbiturate Equivalents
    1. Butabarbital (Butisol)
      1. Valium = Dose x0.1
      2. Phenobarbital = Dose x0.3
    2. Pentobarbital (Nembutal)
      1. Valium = Dose x0.1
      2. Phenobarbital = Dose x0.3
    3. Secobarbital (Seconal)
      1. Valium = Dose x0.1
      2. Phenobarbital = Dose x0.3
    4. Phenobarbital
      1. Valium = Dose x0.33
  4. Preparations: Miscellaneous Sedative Equivalents
    1. Glycerol: Meprobamate (Equanil)
      1. Valium= Dose x0.025
      2. Phenobarbital = Dose x0.075
    2. Piperidinedione: Glutethimide (Doriden)
      1. Valium = Dose x0.04
      2. Phenobarbital = Dose x0.12
    3. Quinazoline: Methaqualone
      1. Valium = Dose x0.03
      2. Phenobarbital = Dose x0.1
  5. References
    1. Ashton (2005) Curr Opin Psychiatry 18:249-55 [PubMed]
    2. Tauseef (2012) BJMP 5(1): a501 [PubMed]

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