Mental Health Book

Hallucinogen Use Disorders

Inhalants

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Amphetamine

Aka: Amphetamine
  1. See Also
    1. Methamphetamine
    2. MDMA
    3. Cocaine
    4. Chemical Dependency
    5. Substance Abuse Evaluation
  2. Class
    1. Sympathomimetic
    2. Schedule II
  3. Preparations:
    1. Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine)
    2. Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
    3. Propylhexedrine
    4. Ephedrine
  4. Street Names
    1. Bennies
    2. Speed
    3. Pep Pills
    4. Hearts
    5. Wake-ups
    6. Uppers
  5. Pharmacokinetics
    1. Amphetamine (5-250 mg): 4-12 hour duration
  6. Routes
    1. Swallowed
    2. Intravenous
    3. Smoked (ice or crystal Methamphetamine)
  7. Medical uses
    1. Relieves mild depression
    2. Control appetite and Narcolepsy
  8. Effects of heavy or prolonged use
    1. Loss of appetite
    2. Delusions
    3. Hallucinations
    4. Toxic Psychosis
  9. Signs: Toxicity
    1. See Sympathomimetic Toxicity
    2. Similar to Cocaine, longer duration >2 hours
    3. Adverse reaction also similar to Cocaine
  10. Toxicity Management
    1. See Sympathomimetic Toxicity
    2. Same as for Cocaine
    3. Ammonium chloride
      1. Acidifies urine
      2. Increases excretion
    4. Avoid Haldol in Amphetamine Overdose
      1. Lowers Seizure threshold

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