Pediatrics Book

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Subglottic Stenosis

Aka: Subglottic Stenosis
  1. Definition
    1. Congenital or acquired narrowing of the airway immediately below the level of the Larynx (cricoid cartilage level)
  2. Pathophysiology
    1. Subglottic airway is the narrowest portion of the upper airway
  3. Epidemiology
    1. Rare
  4. Causes
    1. Congenital Anomaly
    2. Acquired
      1. Airway Trauma
        1. Neonatal intubation (postintubation stenosis)
        2. Gastroesophageal Reflux disease
      2. Infectious
        1. Syphilis
        2. Tuberculosis
        3. Typhoid Fever
        4. Diphtheria
  5. Symptoms
    1. Infants and young children
      1. Persistent or recurrent Stridor
    2. Older children and adults
      1. Dyspnea on exertion
  6. Diagnostics
    1. Pulmonary Function Tests
      1. Typically demonstrates a fixed upper airway obstruction
  7. Management
    1. Otolaryngology Consultation in all suspected cases

Subglottic stenosis (C0238441)

Concepts Anatomical Abnormality (T190)
SnomedCT 195864007, 22668006
Dutch subglottisstenose
French Sténose sous-glottique
German Subglottisstenose
Italian Stenosi subglottica
Portuguese Estenose subglótica
Spanish Estenosis subglótica, estenosis subglótica (trastorno), estenosis subglótica
Japanese 声門下狭窄, セイモンカキョウサク
English subglottis stenosis (physical finding), subglottis stenosis, stenosis subglottic, subglottic stenosis, Subglottic stenosis, SGS - Subglottic stenosis, Subglottic stenosis (disorder)
Czech Subglotická stenóza
Hungarian Subglottikus stenosis
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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