Orthopedics Book

Leg

Cardiovascular Medicine

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True Leg Length Discrepancy

Aka: True Leg Length Discrepancy, Leg Length Discrepancy, Limb Length Discrepancy, Leg Length Inequality
  1. See Also
    1. Functional Leg Length Discrepancy
  2. Causes
    1. Idiopathic unilateral hyperplasia or hypoplasia
    2. Growth Plate injury
      1. Trauma
      2. Infection
    3. Asymmetric paralysis
      1. Poliomyelitis
      2. Cerebral Palsy
    4. Mass induced growth
      1. Tumor
      2. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
      3. Post-Fracture hypervascularity
  3. Exam: Fixed point to fixed point testing
    1. Position
      1. Patient lies supine with legs in neutral position
    2. Measurement (compare both sides)
      1. Anterior superior iliac spine to medial malleolus
    3. Interpretation
      1. Leg Length Discrepancy if difference between sides
  4. Exam: Evaluate tibia and femur lengths
    1. Position
      1. Patient lies supine
      2. Knees flexed at 90 degrees and feet flat on table
    2. Interpretation
      1. One knee higher than other: Tibia longer
      2. One knee projects further anteriorly: femur longer
  5. Management: True Limb Length Discrepancy >1.5 cm
    1. Shoe lift or prosthetic conversion
    2. Surgical intervention
      1. Epiphysiodesis of long leg
      2. Long leg shortening or short leg lengthening
  6. Complications
    1. Compensatory Scoliosis
    2. Low Back Pain
    3. Gait abnormalities with secondary injuries
  7. References
    1. Canale (1998) Campbell's Orthopaedics, Mosby, p. 986
    2. Hoppenfeld (1976) Spine and Extremities, p. 165

Leg Length Inequality (C0023221)

Definition (MSHCZE) Stav, kdy jedna končetina nedoroste délky té druhé, což může být způsobeno zraněním nebo chirurgicky.
Definition (MSH) A condition in which one of a pair of legs fails to grow as long as the other, which could result from injury or surgery.
Definition (AOT) see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
Concepts Anatomical Abnormality (T190)
MSH D007870
SnomedCT 45939007
English Inequalities, Leg Length, Leg Length Inequalities, Leg Length Inequality, Length Inequalities, Leg, Length Inequality, Leg, Inequality, Leg Length, Leg length discrepancy, Leg Length Inequality [Disease/Finding], leg length discrepancy, discrepancy leg length, inequality leg length, leg length inequalities, leg length inequality, Leg length inequality, Lower limb length difference, Leg length inequality (finding)
Swedish Benlängdsskillnad
Czech končetiny dolní nestejné délky
Finnish Alaraajojen pituusero
Russian KONECHNOSTEI NIZHNIKH NERAVNAIA DLINA, NOG NERAVNAIA DLINA, КОНЕЧНОСТЕЙ НИЖНИХ НЕРАВНАЯ ДЛИНА, НОГ НЕРАВНАЯ ДЛИНА
Croatian NOGA, NEJEDNAKA DULJINA
Polish Nierówność kończyn dolnych
Norwegian Beinlengdeforskjell, Anisomeli, Benlengdeforskjell
Spanish Desigualdad de Miembros Inferiores, desigualdad en la longitud de las piernas (hallazgo), desigualdad en la longitud de las piernas, disparidad en la longitud de las piernas, Diferencia de Longitud de las Piernas
German Beinlängendifferenz, Beinlängenunterschied
Italian Asimmmetria degli arti inferiori
Dutch Beenlengte, ongelijke, Ongelijke beenlengte
Portuguese Desigualdade de Membros Inferiores
French Inégalité de longueur d'un membre inférieur, Inégalité de longueur des membres inférieurs
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


True shortening of leg (C0426903)

Concepts Finding (T033)
SnomedCT 249788008
English Structural shortening of leg, True shortening of leg, True shortening of leg (finding)
Spanish acortamiento real de pierna (hallazgo), acortamiento real de pierna
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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