Orthopedics Book

Complications

Type

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Fracture Types

Aka: Fracture Types
  1. Types
    1. Avulsion Fracture
      1. Chip often attached to tendon or ligament
    2. Comminuted Fracture
      1. Multiple Fracture fragments
    3. Transverse Fracture
    4. Oblique Fracture
    5. Spiral Fracture
    6. Segmental Fracture
      1. Two Fractures in long bone
    7. Displaced Fracture
    8. Impacted Fracture
    9. Greenstick Fracture
      1. Incomplete Fracture where one cortex remains intact
      2. Often seen in children
    10. Torus Fracture (buckle Fracture)
      1. Cortex compressed with a buckling of periosteum
      2. Most common in child's distal radius
    11. Fatigue Fracture
      1. Fracture from repeated minor stresses
    12. Pathologic
      1. Fracture secondary to bone weakening
      2. Suggests some disease process
    13. Occult Fracture
      1. Clinical condition suggests a Fracture
      2. However not easily seen on exam or diagnostics
    14. Intraarticular Fracture (Epiphyseal Fracture)
    15. Closed Fracture (Simple Fracture)
    16. Open Fracture (Compound Fracture)
  2. Exam: Descriptions of Fracture positioning
    1. Alignment
      1. Rotational or angular position
    2. Apposition
      1. Amount of end to end Fracture contact
    3. Malunion
    4. Nonunion

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