Orthopedics Book

Knee Disorders

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Knee Anatomy

Aka: Knee Anatomy, Knee Joint, Knee
  1. See Also
    1. Vascular Anatomy of the Knee
    2. Neuroanatomy of the Leg
    3. Knee Injury Acute History
    4. Knee Exam
    5. Musculoskeletal Anatomy
    6. Patella Bone
  2. Anatomy: Knee
    1. Bone
      1. orthoAnteriorBoneHip.jpgAlso available as a Poster size image. See printing instructions and image restrictions.
      2. orthoPosteriorBoneHip.jpgAlso available as a Poster size image. See printing instructions and image restrictions.
      3. orthoLegTibiaCondylesGrayBB257.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    2. Ligaments
      1. KneeAnatomyLigaments.gif
      2. orthoLegKneeRtLigamentsAntGrayBB345.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
      3. orthoLegKneeRtPostLigamentsGrayBB346.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    3. Cartilage
      1. orthoLegKneeRtAntCartilageGrayBB347.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
      2. orthoLegKneeRtPostCartilageGrayBB348.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
      3. orthoLegKneeRtSupCartilageGrayBB349.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    4. Capsule
      1. orthoLegKneeRtAntCapsuleGrayBB351.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
      2. orthoLegKneeRtPostCapsuleGrayBB352.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)

Knee joint (C0022745)

Definition (NCI) A joint connecting the lower part of the femur with the upper part of the tibia. The lower part of the femur and the upper part of the tibia are attached to each other by ligaments. Other structures of the knee joint include the upper part of the fibula, located below and parallel to the tibia, and the patella which moves as the knee bends.
Definition (NCI_CDISC) A joint connecting the lower part of the femur with the upper part of the tibia. The lower part of the femur and the upper part of the tibia are attached to each other by ligaments. Other structures of the knee joint include the upper part of the fibula, located below and parallel to the tibia, and the patella which moves as the knee bends. (NCI)
Concepts Body Space or Junction (T030)
MSH D007719
SnomedCT 49076000, 44484005
HL7 KNEEJ
English Joint, Knee, Joints, Knee, Knee Joint, Knee Joints, Genual joint, Upper tibiofibular joint, Knee, Superior tibiofibular joint, Articulatio genus, Prox tibiofibular joint struct, knee joints, knee joint, Joint, Superior Tibiofibular, Superior Tibiofibular Joint, Tibiofibular Joints, Superior, Superior Tibiofibular Joints, Tibiofibular Joint, Superior, Joints, Superior Tibiofibular, KNEE JOINT, JOINT, KNEE, Tibiofemoral Joint, Knee joint, Proximal tibiofibular joint, Knee joint structure, Proximal tibiofibular joint structure, Knee joint structure (body structure), Proximal tibiofibular joint structure (body structure), Knee joint, NOS, Stifle joint, NOS
Swedish Knäled
Czech kolenní kloub
Finnish Polvinivel
Russian KOLENNYI SUSTAV, КОЛЕННЫЙ СУСТАВ
Croatian KOLJENSKI ZGLOB
Latvian Ceļa locītava
Polish Staw kolanowy
Norwegian Articulatio genus, Kneledd
Spanish articulación de la rodilla, articulación peroneotibial proximal, estructura de la articulación de la rodilla (estructura corporal), estructura de la articulación de la rodilla, estructura de la articulación peroneotibial proximal (estructura corporal), estructura de la articulación peroneotibial proximal, Articulación de la Rodilla
French Articulation du genou
German Articulatio genus, Kniegelenk
Italian Articolazione del ginocchio
Dutch Kniegewricht
Portuguese Articulação do Joelho
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Knee Injuries and Disorders (C1456855)

Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Your knee joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the knee joint move. When any of these structures is hurt or diseased, you have knee problems. Knee problems can cause pain and difficulty walking.

Knee problems are very common, and they occur in people of all ages. Knee problems can interfere with many things, from participation in sports to simply getting up from a chair and walking. This can have a big impact on your life.

The most common disease affecting the knee is osteoarthritis. The cartilage in the knee gradually wears away, causing pain and swelling.

Injuries to ligaments and tendons also cause knee problems. A common injury is to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). You usually injure your ACL by a sudden twisting motion. ACL and other knee injuries are common sports injuries.

Treatment of knee problems depends on the cause. In some cases your doctor may recommend knee replacement.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
English Knee Injuries and Disorders
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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