Neurology Book

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Tic Secondary Cause

Aka: Tic Secondary Cause, Tic Differential Diagnosis, Secondary Causes of Tic Disorder
  1. See Also
    1. Tic Disorder
    2. Movement Disorder
    3. Medication Induced Tics
  2. Causes: Neurologic with acquired origin
    1. Basal Ganglia injury
      1. Head Trauma
      2. Viral Encephalitis
      3. Cerebrovascular Accident
    2. Sydenham's Chorea
    3. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
    4. Neurosyphilis
    5. Seizure Disorder
  3. Causes: Neurologic with genetic origin
    1. Structural disorders
      1. Craniosynostosis
      2. Corpus callosum dysgenesis
      3. Arnold-Chiari Malformation
    2. Miscellaneous disorders
      1. Huntington's Chorea
      2. Neuroacanthocytosis
      3. Hallervorden-Spatz disease
      4. Idiopathic Dystonia
      5. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
    3. Neurocutaneous Syndrome
      1. Neurofibromatosis
      2. Tuberous sclerosis
    4. Chromosomal disorders
      1. Down Syndrome
      2. Klinefelter's Syndrome
      3. XYY Karyotype
      4. Fragile X Syndrome
  4. Causes: Primary Psychiatric and Neuropsychiatric
    1. Schizophrenia
    2. Asperger Syndrome (Autism)
    3. Mental Retardation
    4. Akathisia
  5. Causes: Medications and Drugs
    1. See Medication Induced Tics
  6. Causes: Endocrine
    1. Hyperthyroidism
    2. Hypoglycemia
  7. References
    1. Bagheri (1999) Am Fam Physician 59(8):2263-72 [PubMed]
    2. Kenney (2008) Am Fam Physician 77:651-60 [PubMed]
    3. Rampello (2006) J Neurol 253: 1-15 [PubMed]

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