Neurology Book

Pediatrics

Brain

Endocrinology

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Brain Lesion in Children involving the Posterior Fossa

Aka: Brain Lesion in Children involving the Posterior Fossa, Brain Tumors of the Posterior Fossa in Children, Posterior Fossa Tumors in Children, Pediatric Brain Tumor of the Posterior Fossa
  1. See Also
    1. Brain Tumor in Children
  2. Symptoms: Common presentation
    1. Nausea or Vomiting
    2. Headache
    3. Ataxia
    4. Visual Symptoms (Diplopia)
    5. Poor appetite
    6. Weight loss
    7. Dizziness
  3. Symptoms: Occasional
    1. Personality change
    2. Lethargy
    3. Neck Pain
    4. Dysphagia
    5. Weakness
    6. Head Tilt
    7. Seizures
  4. Signs: Common Presentation
    1. Papilledema
    2. Ataxia
    3. Nystagmus
    4. Gaze palsy
    5. Bulbar palsy
    6. Facial weakness
    7. Corticospinal tract abnormalities
  5. Signs: Occasional
    1. Irritability
    2. Meningismus
    3. Opisthotonus
    4. Lethargy
    5. Dysmetria
    6. Head Tilt
  6. Differential Diagnosis: Mass lesion on head imaging
    1. Mature abscess with capsule
      1. Bacteria
      2. Fungus
      3. Parasitic Infection (Cysticercosis)
    2. Granulomatous lesion
      1. Tuberculosis
      2. Sarcoidosis
    3. Multiple Sclerosis
      1. Large solitary demyelinated Plaque
    4. Hematoma
      1. Differentiate from tumor with Hemorrhage
    5. Arteriovenous malformation
    6. Cerebrovascular Accident (uncommon in children)
    7. Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (rare)

Childhood Infratentorial Neoplasm (C1332973)

Concepts Neoplastic Process (T191)
English Childhood Infratentorial Neoplasms, Childhood Infratentorial Neoplasm, Childhood Infratentorial Tumors, Childhood Infratentorial Tumor, Pediatric Infratentorial Neoplasm, Pediatric Infratentorial Tumor
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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