Neurology Book

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Vascular Dementia

Aka: Vascular Dementia, Multi-infarct Dementia
  1. Pathophysiology
    1. Dementia associated with multiple strokes
    2. Symptoms depend on infarction location
      1. Cerebral cortex
      2. Thalamus
      3. Basal Ganglia
      4. Hippocampus
  2. Signs
    1. Impaired memory and altered behavior
    2. Depends on infarction distribution

Multi-infarct dementia (C0011263)

Definition (NCI) A common form of dementia caused by multiple cortical or subcortical cerebral infarctions.
Definition (MSH) Loss of higher cortical functions with retained awareness due to multiple cortical or subcortical CEREBRAL INFARCTION. Memory, judgment, attention span, and impulse control are often impaired, and may be accompanied by PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; HEMIPARESIS; reflex abnormalities, and other signs of localized neurologic dysfunction. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1060)
Definition (CSP) dementia, due to significant cerebrovascular disease, with a stepwise deteriorating course and a 'patchy' distribution of neurologic deficits.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D015161
ICD10 F01.1
SnomedCT 56267009, 192167008, 191462009
English Dementia, Multi Infarct, Dementia, Multi-Infarct, Dementia, Multiinfarct, Dementias, Multi-Infarct, Dementias, Multiinfarct, Multi-Infarct Dementia, Multi-Infarct Dementias, Multiinfarct Dementia, Multiinfarct Dementias, multiinfarct dementia, Multi-infarct dementia, MULTIINFARCT DEMENTIA, DEMENTIA MULTIINFARCT, multifocal dementia, multi-infarct dementia or psychosis, Dementia multi-infarct, Multi-Infarcts, Dementia, Dementia Multi Infarct, Dementia Multi-Infarct, Multi-Infarct, Dementia, Dementia Multi-Infarcts, Dementia, Multi-Infarct [Disease/Finding], dementia multi-infarct, dementia infarct multi, multi infarct dementia, dementia multi-infarct psychosis, dementia multiinfarct, multi-infarct dementia, Multi infarct dementia, [X]Multi-infarct dementia, vascular dementia multi-infarct, Multi-infarct dementia (diagnosis), MID - Multi-infarct dementia, Multi-infarct dementia (disorder), dementia; multi-infarct, dementia; vascular, multi-infarct, multi-infarct; dementia, vascular; dementia, multi-infarct, Multi-infarct dementia, NOS, Dementia (Multi Infarct), Multi Infarct Dementia, Multi-infarct dementia or psychosis
Dutch multi-infact dementie, dementie multi-infarct, dementie; multi-infarct, dementie; vasculair, multi-infarct, multi-infarct; dementie, vasculair; dementie, multi-infarct, Multi-infarct dementie, Dementie, multi-infarct-, Multi-infarctdementie
French Démence due à l'athérosclérose, Démence plurilacunaire, Démence par infarctus multiples, Démence multi-infarctus
German Multiinfarkt-Demenz, MULTIINFARKTDEMENZ, Demenz, Multiinfarkt-, Multi-Infarktdemenz
Portuguese Demência multienfarte, Demência por Múltiplos Infartos
Spanish Demencia multiinfarto, Demencia por infartos múltiples, demencia multinfarto (trastorno), demencia multinfarto, Demencia por Múltiples Infartos
Japanese 多発脳梗塞性認知症, タハツノウコウソクセイニンチショウ, 多発梗塞性認知症, 痴呆-多発梗塞性, 多発梗塞痴呆, 多発性梗塞性痴呆, 斑痴呆, 認知症-多発梗塞性, 多発梗塞性痴呆
Swedish Multiinfarktdemens
Czech demence multiinfarktová, Demence multiinfarktová, Multiinfarktová demence
Finnish Multi-infarktidementia
Russian DEMENTSIIA, INFARKT MOZGA MNOZHESTVENNYI, SLABOUMIE PARTSIAL'NOE, SLABOUMIE LAKUNARNOE, MUL'TITSEREBRAL'NYI INFARKT, DEMENTSIIA V REZUL'TATE INFARKTA MOZGA MNOZHESTVENNOGO, INFARKT MOZGA MNOZHESTVENNYI, SLABOUMIE, ДЕМЕНЦИЯ В РЕЗУЛЬТАТЕ ИНФАРКТА МОЗГА МНОЖЕСТВЕННОГО, ДЕМЕНЦИЯ, ИНФАРКТ МОЗГА МНОЖЕСТВЕННЫЙ, ИНФАРКТ МОЗГА МНОЖЕСТВЕННЫЙ, СЛАБОУМИЕ, МУЛЬТИЦЕРЕБРАЛЬНЫЙ ИНФАРКТ, СЛАБОУМИЕ ЛАКУНАРНОЕ, СЛАБОУМИЕ ПАРЦИАЛЬНОЕ
Korean 다발경색 치매
Croatian DEMENCIJA, MULTI-INFARKTNA
Polish Otępienie jamiste, Otępienie na podłożu mnogich zawałów mózgu, Otępienie wywołanie wieloogniskowym zawałem mózgu, Otępienie wielozawałowe
Hungarian Multi-infarct dementia, Multi-infarctusos dementia
Norwegian Multiinfarktdemens, Demens, mulitinfarkt
Italian Demenza multinfartuale, Demenza multi-infartuale
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Dementia, Vascular (C0011269)

Definition (NCI) A degenerative vascular disorder affecting the brain. It is caused by the blockage of the blood supply to the brain. It is manifested with decline of memory and cognitive functions.
Definition (MSH) An imprecise term referring to dementia associated with CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS, including CEREBRAL INFARCTION (single or multiple), and conditions associated with chronic BRAIN ISCHEMIA. Diffuse, cortical, and subcortical subtypes have been described. (From Gerontol Geriatr 1998 Feb;31(1):36-44)
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D015140
ICD9 290.4
ICD10 F01, F01.9, F01.5
SnomedCT 429998004, 192165000, 154850006, 268613002, 192171006, 56267009
English Dementia, Vascular, Dementias, Vascular, Vascular Dementia, Vascular Dementias, Vascular dementia unspecif, Vascular dementia, unspecified, [X]Vascular dementia unspecif, [X]Vascular dementia, unspecified, vascular dementia, vascular dementia (diagnosis), Vascular dementia (disorder), Vascular dementia, Dementia, Vascular [Disease/Finding], dementia vascular, [X]Vascular dementia, unspecified (disorder), VAD - Vascular dementia, Dementia vascular, Vascular dementia disorders, dementia; vascular, vascular; dementia, Vascular dementia, NOS
Italian Disturbi da demenza vascolare, Demenza vascolare
Spanish Demencias de origen vascular, Demencias vasculares, demencia vascular (trastorno), demencia vascular, [X]demencia vascular, no especificada (trastorno), [X]demencia vascular, no especificada, Demencia vascular, Demencia Vascular
Dutch dementie vasculair, dementie; vasculair, vasculair; dementie, Vasculaire dementie, niet gespecificeerd, vasculaire dementie-aandoeningen, vasculaire dementie, Dementie, vasculaire, Vasculaire dementie
French Démences vasculaires, Troubles liés à la démence vasculaire, Démence vasculaire, Démence artériopathique, Démence athéroscléreuse
German Demenz vaskulaer, Vaskulaere Demenz, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Vaskulaere Demenz, Erkrankungen mit vaskulaerer Demenz, vaskulaere Demenz, Demenz, vaskuläre, Vaskuläre Demenz
Portuguese Demência vascular, Afecções de demência vascular, Vascular demência, Demência Vascular
Swedish Demens, vaskulär
Japanese ケッカンセイニンチショウ, 痴呆-血管性, 血管痴呆, 痴呆-動脈硬化性, 二次痴呆, 動脈硬化性痴呆, 脳血管性痴呆, 脳血管痴呆, 血管性認知症, 痴呆-血管, 血管性痴呆, 認知症-血管性
Finnish Vaskulaarinen dementia
Russian SLABOUMIE V REZUL'TATE BOLEZNI SOSUDOV, SOSUDOV BOLEZNI, SLABOUMIE, DEMENTSIIA SOSUDISTAIA, ATEROSKLEROTICHESKOE SLABOUMIE, DEMENTSIIA V REZUL'TATE BOLEZNI SOSUDOV, АТЕРОСКЛЕРОТИЧЕСКОЕ СЛАБОУМИЕ, ДЕМЕНЦИЯ В РЕЗУЛЬТАТЕ БОЛЕЗНИ СОСУДОВ, ДЕМЕНЦИЯ СОСУДИСТАЯ, СЛАБОУМИЕ В РЕЗУЛЬТАТЕ БОЛЕЗНИ СОСУДОВ, СОСУДОВ БОЛЕЗНИ, СЛАБОУМИЕ
Czech Vaskulární demence, Poruchy demence vaskulární, Demence vaskulární, vaskulární demence, demence vaskulární
Korean 상세불명의 혈관성 치매, 혈관성 치매
Croatian DEMENCIJA, VASKULARNA
Polish Otępienie miażdżycowe, Otępienie naczyniowe, Otępienie w stwardnieniu naczyń
Hungarian Dementia vascularis, Vascularis dementia, Vascularis dementia betegségek
Norwegian Vaskulær demens, Demens, vaskulær
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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