Neurology Book

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Intracranial Anatomy

Aka: Intracranial Anatomy, Internal Capsule
  1. Anatomy: Cerebrum
    1. Major divisions
      1. Frontal Lobe
      2. Parietal Lobe
      3. Occipital Lobe
      4. Temporal Lobe
    2. Anatomical landmarks (divide the cerebral lobes into further identifiable regions)
      1. Brain Gyri
      2. Brain sulci and Brain Fissures
    3. Internal Capsule
      1. Bundles of axons coursing between the cerebral cortex and the Brainstem (one for each hemisphere)
      2. Composed of three parts: Anterior limb, posterior limb, and genu
      3. Vascular supply via the Anterior Circulation
        1. Supplied by small vessels (anterior Choroidal artery, medial striate artery, lateral striate artery)
        2. Hemorrhage may occur in the supplying vessels with Severe Hypertension
        3. CVA in this region (despite small distribution) may result in significant neurologic deficits
    4. Images
      1. neuroBrainLobesGrayBB728.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
  2. Anatomy: Cerebellum
    1. See Cerebellum Anatomy
    2. See Ventricular Anatomy
  3. Anatomy: Brain Stem
    1. See Brain Stem Anatomy
    2. Midbrain
    3. Pons Cerebri
    4. Medulla Oblongata
    5. Images
      1. neurocnsgeneralanatomy.png
      2. neuroBrainstemGrayBB677.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
      3. neuroBrainXsGrayBB715.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
  4. Anatomy: Diencephalon
    1. Thalamus
    2. Epithalamus (posterior)
      1. Habenula (and habenular commissure)
      2. Stria Medullaris
      3. Pineal gland
    3. Subthalamus
      1. Subthalamic Nucleus
    4. Hypothalamus
    5. Pituitary Gland
      1. See Pituitary Anatomy
    6. Basal Ganglia
      1. Caudate Nucleus
      2. Globus Pallidus
      3. Putamen
      4. Claustrum
      5. Amygdala
  5. Anatomy: Images
    1. neurocnsgeneralanatomy.png
    2. neuroBrainXsGrayBB715.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    3. neuroBrainXsGrayBB716.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    4. neuroBrainXsGrayBB717.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    5. neuroBrainXsGrayBB718.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    6. neuroBrainXsGrayBB720.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    7. neuroBrainInferiorGrayBB724.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    8. neuroBrainLobesGrayBB728.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    9. neuroTemporalLobeGrayBB730.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    10. neuroFrontLobeLtGrayBB729.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    11. neuroBrainInsulaGrayBB731.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    12. neuroRhinencephalonGrayBB732.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    13. neuroCorpusCallosumGrayBB733.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    14. neuroStriatumGrayBB741.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    15. neuroBrainXsGrayBB742.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    16. neuroBrainXsGrayBB743.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    17. neuroBrainXsGrayBB744.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    18. neuroBrainXsGrayBB745.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    19. neuroInternalCapsuleTractsGrayBB746.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    20. neuroFornixGrayBB747.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    21. neuroFornixInferiorGrayBB748.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    22. neuroBrainTractsGrayBB751.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    23. neuroBrainXsGrayBB753.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    24. neuroCerebralCortexMicroGrayBB754.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    25. neuroBrainIllustrationXsGrayBB768.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    26. NeuroFalxCerebriGrayBB567.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    27. neuroFalxCerebriGrayBB765.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
  6. References
    1. Gilman (1989) Manter and Gatz Essentials of Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology, Davis, p. 1-16
    2. Goldberg (2014) Clinical Neuroanatomy, Medmaster, p. 1-5

Internal capsule of brain (C0152341)

Definition (FMA) Internal capsule is an organ subdivision of the telencephalon which is made up primarily of myelinated axonal neural tissue (white matter). The internal capsule is a major set of fiber bundles lateral to the thalamus and caudate nucleus and medial to the putamen and globus pallidus. It projects dorsally to the white matter underlying the cerebral cortex.
Definition (NCI) White matter pathway, flanked by nuclear masses, consisting of both afferent and efferent fibers projecting between the cerebral cortex and the brainstem. It consists of three distinct parts: the anterior limb, posterior limb, and genu. (MeSH)
Definition (MSH) WHITE MATTER pathway, flanked by nuclear masses, consisting of both afferent and efferent fibers projecting between the WHITE MATTER and the BRAINSTEM. It consists of three distinct parts: an anterior limb, posterior limb, and genu.
Concepts Body Part, Organ, or Organ Component (T023)
MSH D020772
SnomedCT 85637007
English Internal capsule structure of brain (body structure), Internal capsule, Internal capsule structure (body structure), IC - Internal capsule, Internal capsule structure of brain, Internal capsule of brain, Internal capsule radiations, Capsule, Internal, Capsules, Internal, Internal Capsule, Internal Capsules, internal capsule of brain, capsula interna, capsule internal, internal capsule, ic, internal capsule radiations, internal capsule (Burdach), Capsula interna, Capsula Interna, Internas, Capsula, Capsula Internas, Interna, Capsula, Internal capsule structure, Internal capsule of brain, NOS
Swedish Capsula interna
Spanish estructura de la cápsula interna (estructura corporal), estructura de la cápsula interna del cerebro, estructura de la cápsula interna, estructura de la cápsula interna del cerebro (estructura corporal), cápsula cerebral interna, cápsula interna del cerebro, Cápsula Interna
Czech capsula interna
Finnish Sisäkotelo
Russian MOZGA GOLOVNOGO VNUTRENNIAIA KAPSULA, МОЗГА ГОЛОВНОГО ВНУТРЕННЯЯ КАПСУЛА
Polish Torebka wewnętrzna
Norwegian Capsula interna
French Capsule interne
German Capsula interna, Innere Kapsel
Italian Capsula interna
Dutch Capsula interna
Portuguese Cápsula Interna
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Intracranial structure (C1267697)

Concepts Body Part, Organ, or Organ Component (T023)
SnomedCT 128319008
English Intracranial structure (body structure), Intracranial structure
Spanish estructura intracraneal (estructura corporal), estructura intracraneal
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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