Neonatology Book

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Spinal Dysraphism

Aka: Spinal Dysraphism, Caudal Neural Tube Defect, Spinal Meningocele, Spina bifida
  1. See Also
    1. Dysraphism
    2. Cranial Dysraphism
    3. Cutaneous Signs of Dysraphism
  2. Types: Spinal Dysraphism
    1. Spina Bifida Occulta
    2. Spinal Meningocele
      1. MeningesHerniate through posterior Vertebral arches
      2. Most often occurs in low back
      3. Anterior Herniation at Sacrum may also occur
        1. Applies pelvic pressure
        2. May result in Constipation or Bladder abnormality
      4. Usually asymptomatic and covered by full layer skin
    3. Myelomeningocele
  3. Exam
    1. Transilluminate along low back Vertebral Column
    2. Complete Neurologic Examination
  4. Imaging
    1. Lumbosacral MRI (preferred, but expensive and requires Conscious Sedation)
    2. Spinal Ultrasound
    3. Lumbosacral XRay
  5. Associated conditions
    1. See Myelomeningocele
    2. Hydrocephalus
    3. Diastematomyelia
    4. Tethered spinal cord
    5. Spinal Lipoma
    6. Syringomyelia
  6. Complications
    1. See Myelomeningocele
  7. References
    1. Behrman (2000) Nelson Pediatrics, Saunders, p. 1804
    2. Goetz (1999) Neurology, Saunders, p. 515-16

Spinal meningocele (C0009730)

Definition (NCI) A congenital abnormality in which the meninges protrude through a defect in the spinal column.
Concepts Congenital Abnormality (T019)
ICD10 Q05
SnomedCT 203979002, 203983002, 65144005, 203978005
English Spinal meningocele NOS, Spinal meningocele of unspecified site, Spinal meningocele-unspec.site, spinal meningocele, meningocele (spinal), Spinal Meningocele, Spinal meningocele NOS (disorder), Spinal meningocele of unspecified site (disorder), Meningocele, Congenital spinal meningocele, Congenital spinal meningocele (disorder), Spinal meningocele (disorder), Spinal meningocele
Spanish meningocele, SAI (trastorno), meningocele, de sitio no especificado (trastorno), meningocele, de sitio no especificado, meningocele, SAI, meningocele espinal (trastorno), meningocele espinal congénito (trastorno), meningocele espinal congénito, meningocele espinal
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Spina Bifida (C0080178)

Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Spina bifida is a neural tube defect - a type of birth defect of the brain, spine, or spinal cord. It happens if the spinal column of the fetus doesn't close completely during the first month of pregnancy. This can damage the nerves and spinal cord. Screening tests during pregnancy can check for spina bifida. Sometimes it is discovered only after the baby is born.

The symptoms of spina bifida vary from person to person. Most people with spina bifida are of normal intelligence. Some people need assistive devices such as braces, crutches, or wheelchairs. They may have learning difficulties, urinary and bowel problems, or hydrocephalus, a buildup of fluid in the brain.

The exact cause of spina bifida is unknown. It seems to run in families. Taking folic acid can reduce the risk of having a baby with spina bifida. It's in most multivitamins. Women who could become pregnant should take it daily.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Definition (NCI) A congenital neural tube defect in which vertebrae are not fully formed. It results in the protrusion of the spinal cord through the opening of the vertebrae.
Definition (MSH) Congenital defects of closure of one or more vertebral arches, which may be associated with malformations of the spinal cord, nerve roots, congenital fibrous bands, lipomas, and congenital cysts. These malformations range from mild (e.g., SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA) to severe, including rachischisis where there is complete failure of neural tube and spinal cord fusion, resulting in exposure of the spinal cord at the surface. Spinal dysraphism includes all forms of spina bifida. The open form is called SPINA BIFIDA CYSTICA and the closed form is SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p34)
Definition (PSY) Birth defect involving inadequate closure of the bony casement of the spinal cord, through which the spinal membranes, with or without spinal cord tissue, may protrude.
Definition (CSP) developmental anomaly characterized by defective closure of the bony encasement of the spinal cord, through which the cord and meninges may protrude.
Concepts Congenital Abnormality (T019)
MSH D016135
ICD9 741
ICD10 Q05, Q05.9
SnomedCT 156888006, 204017003, 67531005
English Bifida, Spina, Dysraphia, Spinal, Dysraphias, Spinal, Dysraphism, Spinal, Spinal Dysraphia, Spinal Dysraphias, Spinal Dysraphism, Spina bifida NOS, Spinal dysraphism, Spina bifida, unspecified, Spinal dysrhaphia, SPINA BIFIDA, Spina Bifida, spina bifida (diagnosis), spina bifida, Spina Bifidas, Dysraphisms, Spinal, Spinal Dysraphisms, Schistorrhachis, Spinal Dysraphism [Disease/Finding], spinal dysraphism, Cleft spine, Open spine, Cleft Spine, Open Spine, Spina bifida NOS (disorder), Defective spinal closure, Spina bifida, SB - Spina bifida, Spina bifida (disorder), Spina bifida, NOS, Posterior rachischisis
Portuguese ESPINHA BIFIDA, Disrafismo Espinal, Disrafismo Espinhal, Espinha bífida, Espinha Bífida
Spanish ESPINA BIFIDA, espina bífida, SAI (trastorno), espina bífida, SAI, espina bífida (trastorno), espina bífida, Espina bífida, Disrafia Espinal, Espina Bífida
Swedish Spinal dysrrafi
Japanese ニブンセキツイ, 脊柱披裂, 縫合障害状態, 脊椎披裂, 二分脊椎, 脊髄閉鎖不全症, 脊髄癒合不全
Czech spina bifida, páteř - dysrafie, Spina bifida
Finnish Selkärankahalkio
Italian Spina bifida, Schistorrhachis, Disrafia spinale
Russian DIZRAFICHESKII STATUS, POZVONOCHNIKA RASSHCHELINA, SPINAL'NYI DIZRAFIZM, POZVONOCHNIKA NEZARASHCHENIE, SPINA BIFIDA, ДИЗРАФИЧЕСКИЙ СТАТУС, ПОЗВОНОЧНИКА НЕЗАРАЩЕНИЕ, ПОЗВОНОЧНИКА РАСЩЕЛИНА, СПИНАЛЬНЫЙ ДИЗРАФИЗМ
French SPINA BIFIDA, Dysraphie spinale, Rachischisis postérieur, Hydrorachis, Myélodysraphie, Spina bifida
German SPINA BIFIDA, Spina bifida, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Spina bifida, Spinale Dysrhaphie, Spinale Spaltbildung
Korean 척추갈림증, 상세불명의 척추갈림증
Croatian KRALJEŽNICA, DISRAFIZAM
Polish Zespół dysraficzny, Dysrafizm, Rozszczep kręgosłupa
Hungarian Spina bifida
Norwegian Spinal dysrafi, Spinal dysrafisme, Spina bifida
Dutch Spina bifida, niet gespecificeerd, spina bifida, Spina bifida
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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