Neonatology Book

Choanal

Cleft

Congenital Abnormality

Jaw Disorders

  • Micrognathia

Neck Disease

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Micrognathia

Aka: Micrognathia, Mandibular Hypoplasia
  1. Definition
    1. Small jaw undersized for the corresponding Maxilla
    2. May occur independently or in combination with a congenital syndrome
  2. Causes: Examples
    1. Congenital Rubella (TORCH Virus)
    2. DiGeorge Syndrome
    3. Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
    4. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    5. Goldenhar Syndrome
    6. Marfan Syndrome
    7. Noonan Syndrome
    8. Pierre Robin syndrome
    9. Prader-Willi Syndrome
    10. Treacher Collins syndrome
    11. Trisomy 13
    12. Trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome)
    13. Turner syndrome
  3. Complications
    1. Difficult Airway (for intubation, see Lemon Mnemonic)
    2. Feeding difficulties
    3. Altered Dentition
  4. Resources
    1. Medline Plus
      1. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003306.htm
    2. Wikipedia
      1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Micrognathism

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